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Human Keratinocytes (NCTC 2544) in culture were exposed to either plain ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation or to 8-methoxypsoralen plus UVA (PUVA) treatment. Lipid peroxidation, activities of antioxidant enzymes, and percentage amounts of 14C-arachidonic acid in various cellular lipid subclasses and in the culture medium were measured. Both UVA irradiation and(More)
OBJECTIVES To additionally test validity of the recently developed method (LDL baseline diene conjugation, LDL-BDC) for determination of circulating oxidized LDL. DESIGN AND METHODS A detailed comparison between the ultracentrifugation and heparin precipitation methods for LDL isolation was performed to test suitability of the fast precipitation method.(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity is associated with endothelial dysfunction that may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. We studied whether weight reduction improves endothelial function in overweight individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS Flow-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the brachial artery was measured in 67 adults (age: 46+/-7 years, body(More)
BACKGROUND Serum lipoproteins, the carriers of cholesterol and other lipophilic substances in blood, are known to contain variable amounts of lipid peroxides. We investigated the transport of food-derived and endogenously formed lipid peroxides by serum lipoproteins under physiological conditions. METHODS Five independent trials were conducted in which(More)
The potential for the extraction of the plant lignan hydroxymatairesinol (HMR) in large scale from Norway spruce (Picea abies) has given us the opportunity to study the metabolism and biological actions of HMR in animals. HMR, the most abundant single component of spruce lignans, was metabolized to enterolactone (ENL) as the major metabolite in rats after(More)
BACKGROUND The need for protecting agents against degenerative processes of the body has been proposed to be especially high in elderly people. In order to evaluate the prognostic value of various biochemical factors in ageing the associations of blood concentrations of several vitamins, mineral elements and some other suggested risk factors with vascular(More)
Measurements of the aromatase-inhibiting and antioxidative capacities of flavonoids in vitro showed that slight changes in flavonoid structure may result in marked changes in biological activity. Several flavonoids such as 7-hydroxyflavone and chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) were shown to inhibit the formation of 3H-17beta-estradiol from 3H-androstenedione(More)
We studied effects of probiotics and training volume on oxidized LDL lipids (ox-LDL), serum antioxidant potential (s-TRAP) and serum antioxidants (s-α-tocopherol, s-γ-tocopherol, s-retinol, s-β-carotene and s-ubiquinone-10) in marathon runners during 3-months training period, 6-days preparation period and marathon run. Runners (n=127) were recruited for a(More)
The antioxidant potency and the radical scavenging capacity of superoxide and peroxyl radicals were assessed for 13 hydrophilic knotwood extracts of commercially important wood species, or fractions thereof, as well as for five pure wood-derived lignans and the flavonoid taxifolin. The chemical composition of the knotwood extracts was determined by gas(More)
Lipid peroxidation has been suggested as a pathogenetic factor of pre-eclampsia. In this study we measured lipid peroxidation products and the counteracting antioxidant functions in maternal serum and placental tissue in normal pregnancy and pre-eclampsia. Placentae and maternal serum from 15 normal and 15 pre-eclamptic pregnancies were collected. Lipid(More)