Learn More
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of enzymes which, in concert, are capable of degrading collagen. We investigated whether human MMPs could participate in the degradation of dentin organic matrix after demineralization. We performed Western blot analyses using MMP-specific antibodies to identify MMPs in human dental caries lesions. Enzymography(More)
Odontoblasts cannot be cultured by traditional cell culture methods, thus restricting in vitro studies. Here we present an organ culture method for human odonto-blasts that utilizes the pulp chamber as a culture crucible. Crowns of human third molars were dissected, pulp was gently removed, and the odontoblasts attached to and in the walls of the pulp(More)
Recent findings show that matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is expressed, in addition to neutrophils, by human chondrocytes, cultured fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. We investigated the expression of MMP-8 in other human mesenchyme-derived cells, odontoblasts, and pulp tissue. Odontoblasts and pulp tissue were collected from extracted human teeth for(More)
We recently demonstrated the advantages of back-scattered electron images (COMPO) in the visualization of dentinal caries, and the relationship of the change in the dentin fluorescence pattern in caries lesions. However, the exact nature of these changes is not known. In this paper, the nature of the changes in the areas with reduced mineral content in(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that (at least) matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, -8, -9, -14 and -20 are expressed by human odontoblasts. Here, we analysed the expression of 19 MMPs and their specific tissue inhibitors (TIMP)-1, -2 and -3) -1, -2 and -3 in mature human odontoblasts and pulp tissue. Since MMP-20 is almost exclusively expressed by the(More)
Studies on mature human odontoblasts have suffered for the lack of in vitro models. We recently introduced a human odontoblast and pulp tissue organ culture method, in which the odontoblasts are cultured in the pulp chamber after removal of the pulp tissue, and the pulp tissue can be cultured separately (Tjäderhane et al., 1998a). With this method, we have(More)
Osteoblasts and odontoblasts are both derived from the same mesenchymal cell line. Our aim was to investigate whether the processes of bone destruction and dentinal caries are biologically similar. The working hypothesis was that after the initiation of caries in the enamel, its rate of progression in the dentine is regulated by cell-mediated factors.(More)
MT1-MMP is a cell-membrane-bound metalloenzyme that activates other proMMPs such as proMMP-2 and -13. We studied MT1-MMP expression in mature human odontoblasts and pulp tissue, the regulation of MT1-MMP expression by growth factors TGF-beta1 and BMP-2, and the activation of odontoblast-derived MMP-20 by MT1-MMP. MT1-MMP mRNA is expressed by native and(More)