Markku Larmas

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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of enzymes which, in concert, are capable of degrading collagen. We investigated whether human MMPs could participate in the degradation of dentin organic matrix after demineralization. We performed Western blot analyses using MMP-specific antibodies to identify MMPs in human dental caries lesions. Enzymography(More)
Odontoblasts cannot be cultured by traditional cell culture methods, thus restricting in vitro studies. Here we present an organ culture method for human odonto-blasts that utilizes the pulp chamber as a culture crucible. Crowns of human third molars were dissected, pulp was gently removed, and the odontoblasts attached to and in the walls of the pulp(More)
MT1-MMP is a cell-membrane-bound metalloenzyme that activates other proMMPs such as proMMP-2 and -13. We studied MT1-MMP expression in mature human odontoblasts and pulp tissue, the regulation of MT1-MMP expression by growth factors TGF-beta1 and BMP-2, and the activation of odontoblast-derived MMP-20 by MT1-MMP. MT1-MMP mRNA is expressed by native and(More)
MMP-20 (enamelysin), the matrix metalloproteinase family member discovered in the enamel organ, has also been detected in odontoblasts during dentin formation. We studied the presence and localization of MMP-20 in mature human teeth in health and disease. In immunohistochemistry, MMP-20-positive staining was observed most intensively in the radicular(More)
  • M Larmas
  • International dental journal
  • 1992
Salivary diagnostics is now entering the surgery of the modern dentist, although no test yet available is so specific and sensitive that caries can be diagnosed from saliva samples only. The present tests are useful for estimating the caries activity due to bad dietary habits (salivary lactobacilli), establishing the presence of infection (salivary mutans(More)
Recent findings show that matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is expressed, in addition to neutrophils, by human chondrocytes, cultured fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. We investigated the expression of MMP-8 in other human mesenchyme-derived cells, odontoblasts, and pulp tissue. Odontoblasts and pulp tissue were collected from extracted human teeth for(More)
The effects of high-sucrose and high-starch diets on dentine apposition were examined. One group of young Wistar rats (20 rats) received a high-sucrose (43%) diet; for the high-starch group (16 rats), sucrose was replaced with potato flour. The control group (18 rats) received standard laboratory rat food. The onset of dentine formation was marked with(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that (at least) matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, -8, -9, -14 and -20 are expressed by human odontoblasts. Here, we analysed the expression of 19 MMPs and their specific tissue inhibitors (TIMP)-1, -2 and -3) -1, -2 and -3 in mature human odontoblasts and pulp tissue. Since MMP-20 is almost exclusively expressed by the(More)
Before the 1960s, tooth-specific caries risk was reported to be highest at 2 to 4 years after eruption. We studied the tooth-specific caries risk in three contemporary age cohorts in Finland. All together, 4072 boys and girls were followed annually from age 6 to age 18+ years in three age cohorts born in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. We used a survival model(More)