Markku Keinänen

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Plant responses to changes in environmental conditions are mediated by a network of signaling events leading to downstream responses, including changes in gene expression and activation of cell death programs. Arabidopsis thaliana RADICAL-INDUCED CELL DEATH1 (RCD1) has been proposed to regulate plant stress responses by protein-protein interactions with(More)
We studied the copepod Limnocalanus macrurus for seasonal variation in the composition of fatty acids, wax esters and sterols in large boreal lakes, where it occurs as a glacial-relict. Vast wax ester reserves of Limnocalanus were accumulated in a period of only two months, and comprised mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and saturated fatty(More)
The present study investigated the ability of pressurized microwave pretreatment to convert softwood lignocellulose to fermentable monosaccharides. Norway spruce lignocellulose was subjected to microwave pretreatment (600 and 1200 W) under high pressure at different temperatures. Microwave pretreatment at mild acid concentrations (0.05–0.1 % H2SO4),(More)
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