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A method of measuring the image quality of medical imaging equipment is considered within the framework of statistical decision theory. In this approach, images are regarded as random vectors and image quality is defined in the context of the image information available for performing a specified detection or discrimination task. The approach provides a(More)
The relationship and precision of four methods for measuring the low-contrast detail detectability in fluoroscopic imaging were studied. These included the physical measurement of the accumulation rate of the square of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR(rate)2), two-alternative forced-choice (2-AFC) experiments, sixteen-alternative forced-choice (16-AFC)(More)
Occupational radiation doses in interventional radiology can potentially be high. Therefore, reliable methods to assess the effective dose are needed. In the present work, the relationship between the personal dose equivalent, H(p)(10), the reading of a personal dosimeter and the effective dose of the radiologist were studied using Monte Carlo simulations.(More)
  • M Tapiovaara
  • 1990
The problem of detecting symmetry has been studied by using digitally generated images with random pixel values. The statistical efficiency of humans and a computerized observer, the cross correlator of the image halves, has been evaluated. The efficiency of humans is approximately 100% when the image comprises only a few pixels and is notably better than(More)
Evaluation of image quality (IQ) in Computed Tomography (CT) is important to ensure that diagnostic questions are correctly answered, whilst keeping radiation dose to the patient as low as is reasonably possible. The assessment of individual aspects of IQ is already a key component of routine quality control of medical x-ray devices. These values together(More)
A Monte Carlo computational model of a fluoroscopic imaging chain was used for deriving optimal technique factors for paediatric fluoroscopy. The optimal technique was defined as the one that minimizes the absorbed dose (or dose rate) in the patient with a constraint of constant image quality. Image quality was assessed for the task of detecting a detail in(More)
In interventional radiology, occupational radiation doses can be high. Therefore, many authors have established conversion coefficients from the dose-area product data or from the personal dosemeter reading to the effective dose of the radiologist. These conversion coefficients are studied also in this work, with an emphasis on sensitivity of the results to(More)
The detectability of a static low-contrast detail in the dynamic fluoroscopic image of a homogeneous phantom was assessed by physical measurement of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and by psychophysical measurement of the human observer detectability index d'. The two-alternative forced-choice method was used for human observer tests. The image data(More)
The calibration coefficients of kerma-area product meters significantly depend on the energy spectrum of the x-ray beam. This effect was examined by measuring the calibration coefficients for several radiation qualities in the range generally used in diagnostic x-ray imaging. The intention was to determine the calibration coefficients for other radiation(More)
We have studied image quality in fluoroscopy, as related to the detectability of low-contrast iodine or acrylic (PMMA) details added to a homogeneous 20 cm thick PMMA phantom, by experimental measurements of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and by Monte Carlo calculation. The agreement between the measured and calculated SNR at equal absorbed dose in the(More)