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Obesity is globally prevalent and highly heritable, but its underlying genetic factors remain largely elusive. To identify genetic loci for obesity susceptibility, we examined associations between body mass index and ∼ 2.8 million SNPs in up to 123,865 individuals with targeted follow up of 42 SNPs in up to 125,931 additional individuals. We confirmed 14(More)
OBJECTIVE Having demonstrated short-term weight loss with liraglutide in this group of obese adults, we now evaluate safety/tolerability (primary outcome) and long-term efficacy for sustaining weight loss (secondary outcome) over 2 years. DESIGN A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 20-week study with 2-year extension (sponsor unblinded at 20(More)
Concentrations of liver enzymes in plasma are widely used as indicators of liver disease. We carried out a genome-wide association study in 61,089 individuals, identifying 42 loci associated with concentrations of liver enzymes in plasma, of which 32 are new associations (P = 10(-8) to P = 10(-190)). We used functional genomic approaches including(More)
Metabolite associations with insulin resistance were studied in 7,098 young Finns (age 31 ± 3 years; 52% women) to elucidate underlying metabolic pathways. Insulin resistance was assessed by the homeostasis model (HOMA-IR) and circulating metabolites quantified by high-throughput nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in two population-based cohorts.(More)
To test if the prevalence of genetic risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) is low in individuals who have reached an extremely old age, the allele frequencies of apolipoprotein E (apo E) and B (apo B) polymorphisms and plasma lipoprotein(a) levels were investigated in nonagenarians and in younger control groups. The frequency of the epsilon 4 allele(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have reported that the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) TaqIB gene polymorphism is associated with HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), but the results are inconsistent. In addition, an interaction has been implicated between this genetic variant and pravastatin treatment, but this(More)
BACKGROUND Variation at the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene locus has been implicated in determining the levels and activity of CETP, apoAI and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) plasma concentration and the risk of developing coronary artery disease. STUDY DESIGN The effects of two common polymorphisms of CETP, TaqIB in intron 1 and isoleucine(More)
BACKGROUND Although KCNH2 (HERG) K897T polymorphism has been shown to be associated with the QT interval measured from 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), the functional significance of K897T polymorphism has been debated. The aim of this study was to test whether the K897T polymorphism of the KCNH2 (HERG) gene coding for the rapidly activating delayed(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphisms in exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN Retrospective, comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS Patients with recent exudative AMD (n = 162) and age-matched subjects without AMD (n = 85). METHODS Fluorescein angiography (FA), clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic growth factor, but its role in atherogenesis is still unclear. Our goal was to study whether three variants of the VEGF gene, previously associated with VEGF production, are linked to atherosclerosis defined as carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and as the risk of acute myocardial(More)