Markku J. Savolainen

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BACKGROUND Several studies have reported that the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) TaqIB gene polymorphism is associated with HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), but the results are inconsistent. In addition, an interaction has been implicated between this genetic variant and pravastatin treatment, but this(More)
Concentrations of liver enzymes in plasma are widely used as indicators of liver disease. We carried out a genome-wide association study in 61,089 individuals, identifying 42 loci associated with concentrations of liver enzymes in plasma, of which 32 are new associations (P = 10(-8) to P = 10(-190)). We used functional genomic approaches including(More)
OBJECTIVE Having demonstrated short-term weight loss with liraglutide in this group of obese adults, we now evaluate safety/tolerability (primary outcome) and long-term efficacy for sustaining weight loss (secondary outcome) over 2 years. DESIGN A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 20-week study with 2-year extension (sponsor unblinded at 20(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance assays allow for measurement of a wide range of metabolic phenotypes. We report here the results of a GWAS on 8,330 Finnish individuals genotyped and imputed at 7.7 million SNPs for a range of 216 serum metabolic phenotypes assessed by NMR of serum samples. We identified significant associations (P < 2.31 × 10(-10)) at 31 loci,(More)
OBJECTIVES The association between the polymorphisms of three different antioxidative enzyme - catalase, copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/ Zn-SOD) and extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) - genes and macroangiopathy was examined in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of the missense Glu298Asp variant of the endothelial nitric(More)
Metabolite associations with insulin resistance were studied in 7,098 young Finns (age 31 ± 3 years; 52% women) to elucidate underlying metabolic pathways. Insulin resistance was assessed by the homeostasis model (HOMA-IR) and circulating metabolites quantified by high-throughput nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in two population-based cohorts.(More)
BACKGROUND Variation at the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene locus has been implicated in determining the levels and activity of CETP, apoAI and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) plasma concentration and the risk of developing coronary artery disease. STUDY DESIGN The effects of two common polymorphisms of CETP, TaqIB in intron 1 and isoleucine(More)
We investigated the interaction between genetic and environmental factors in the regulation of plasma HDL cholesterol concentration by determining TaqI and EcoN I restriction fragment length polymorphisms at the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene locus in 93 male alcohol drinkers and 82 control men. The highest plasma CETP activity and the(More)
BACKGROUND In diabetic retinopathy, the vascular endothelium is damaged due to oxidative stress and inflammation, and vitreous VEGF concentration becomes elevated. The association of diabetic retinopathy with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was studied on two genes: VEGF, an important mediator of neovascularisation, and MnSOD, a major antioxidant(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia is associated with a shortened life expectancy and increased somatic comorbidity with, e.g., cardiovascular disorders. One major risk factor for these disorders is the metabolic syndrome, which has been reported to have a higher frequency in schizophrenic patients. Our objective was to study the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a(More)