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OBJECTIVE Obesity is associated with endothelial dysfunction that may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. We studied whether weight reduction improves endothelial function in overweight individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS Flow-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the brachial artery was measured in 67 adults (age: 46+/-7 years, body(More)
Measurements of the aromatase-inhibiting and antioxidative capacities of flavonoids in vitro showed that slight changes in flavonoid structure may result in marked changes in biological activity. Several flavonoids such as 7-hydroxyflavone and chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) were shown to inhibit the formation of 3H-17beta-estradiol from 3H-androstenedione(More)
BACKGROUND Most breast cancers, even those that are initially responsive to tamoxifen, ultimately become resistant. The molecular basis for this resistance, which in some patients is thought to involve stimulation of tumor growth by tamoxifen, is unclear. Tamoxifen induces cellular oxidative stress, and because changes in cell redox state can activate(More)
Lung tissue specimens were taken during surgery from middle-aged men with either lung cancer (LC, n = 54) or a nonneoplastic lung disease (n = 20). Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH), 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECDE), epoxide hydrolase (EH), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UDPGT) activities and glutathione and(More)
We used borderline hypertension as a model for prehypertension to examine the early influences of elevated blood pressure on subclinical atherosclerosis, lipoprotein oxidation, and cardiac adaptation. Healthy men (age 37+/-4 years) were classified prospectively into 2 groups on the basis of having either borderline hypertension (systolic 130 to 140 mm Hg or(More)
The objective of this study was to identify risk markers for attenuated coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) that exist in healthy young men without evident atherosclerotic risk factors. Coronary blood flow velocity was measured with transthoracic Doppler echocardiography at baseline and during adenosine infusion in 37 healthy nonsmoking men [mean age, 27(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE the data concerning the predictive role of oxidised LDL (ox-LDL) in all-cause mortality are scarce. We investigated whether circulating ox-LDL would stand out as a risk factor of total mortality in the elderly. Study subjects, design and methods: a total of 1,260 elderly inhabitants (533 men, 727 women) aged 64 years or more from(More)
BACKGROUND Three independent trials were conducted to evaluate postprandial triglyceride (TG) responses in subjects with different lipid metabolism. The effect of polydextrose (PDX), a soluble non-digestible carbohydrate, on postprandial response was also studied using practically relevant, high fat meal interventions. METHODS A total of 19 normolipidemic(More)
We investigated the effect of physical activity and sports participation on LDL oxidation in vivo and on lipid risk factors in 183 teenage girls (9-15 years): 64 gymnasts, 61 runners, and 58 controls. Oxidized LDL was measured as baseline levels of conjugated dienes in LDL lipids (ox-LDL). The gymnasts had a 15% lower ratio of LDL conjugated dienes to LDL(More)
Obesity and white adipose tissue (WAT) inflammation are associated with enhanced aromatization in women, but little is known about the regulation of aromatase (CYP19A1) gene expression in male WAT. We investigated the impact of weight gain and WAT inflammation on the regulation of CYP19A1 in males, by utilizing the hARO-Luc aromatase reporter mouse model(More)