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Mutations in the gene coding for the catalytic subunit of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase g (POLG1) have recently been described in patients with diverse clinical presentations, revealing a complex relationship between genotype and phenotype in patients and their families. POLG1 was sequenced in patients from different European diagnostic and(More)
BACKGROUND Next generation sequencing has become the core technology for gene discovery in rare inherited disorders. However, the interpretation of the numerous sequence variants identified remains challenging. We assessed the application of exome sequencing for diagnostics in complex I deficiency, a disease with vast genetic heterogeneity. METHODS Ten(More)
Severe progressive neurological paediatric disease mucopolysaccharidosis III type C is caused by mutations in the HGSNAT gene leading to deficiency of acetyl-CoA: α-glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase involved in the lysosomal catabolism of heparan sulphate. To understand the pathophysiology of the disease we generated a mouse model of mucopolysaccharidosis(More)
A retrospective, multicenter study of 180 children with cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency analyzed the clinical features, prognosis, and molecular bases of the COX deficiency. Clinical symptoms including failure to thrive, encephalopathy, hypotony, Leigh syndrome, cardiac involvement, and hepatopathy appeared in most patients early after birth or in(More)
Mutations in the gene coding for the catalytic subunit of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase gamma (POLG1) have recently been described in patients with diverse clinical presentations, revealing a complex relationship between genotype and phenotype in patients and their families. POLG1 was sequenced in patients from different European diagnostic and(More)
The biogenesis of eukaryotic COX (cytochrome c oxidase) requires several accessory proteins in addition to structural subunits and prosthetic groups. We have analysed the assembly state of COX and SCO2 protein levels in various tissues of six patients with mutations in SCO2 and SURF1. SCO2 is a copper-binding protein presumably involved in formation of the(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction of the energy generating system was suggested in two infants with progressive infantile poliodystrophy characterised by hypotonia, refractory epilepsy, visual impairment, psychomotor retardation, profound brain atrophy, hepatopathy, and increased levels of lactate in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Histochemical and electron(More)
Dysfunction of mitochondrial ATPase (F1F(o)-ATP synthase) due to missense mutations in ATP6 [mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA)-encoded subunit a] is a frequent cause of severe mitochondrial encephalomyopathies. We have investigated a rare mtDNA mutation, i.e. a 2 bp deletion of TA at positions 9205 and 9206 (9205DeltaTA), which affects the STOP codon of the ATP6(More)
BACKGROUND Increased lactate is an important biochemical marker in diagnosis of children with suspicion of mitochondrial disorders. A diagnostic dilemma may originate if analyses are performed after seizures, when the increased lactate levels may be considered to result from the seizures. To address this problem, we ascertained the diagnostic value of(More)
BACKGROUND To strengthen research and differential diagnostics of mitochondrial disorders, we constructed and validated an oligonucleotide microarray (h-MitoArray) allowing expression analysis of 1632 human genes involved in mitochondrial biology, cell cycle regulation, signal transduction and apoptosis. Using h-MitoArray we analyzed gene expression(More)