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There is a clear need for efficient methods to produce protein therapeutics requiring mannose-termination for therapeutic efficacy. Here we report on a unique system for production of active human lysosomal acid β-glucosidase (glucocerebrosidase, GCase, EC using seeds of the Arabidopsis thaliana complex-glycan-deficient (cgl) mutant, which are(More)
Two potent inhibitors based on the crystal structure of influenza virus sialidase have been designed. These compounds are effective inhibitors not only of the enzyme, but also of the virus in cell culture and in animal models. The results provide an example of the power of rational, computer-assisted drug design, as well as indicating significant progress(More)
With the global spread of the pandemic H1N1 and the ongoing pandemic potential of the H5N1 subtype, the influenza virus represents one of the most alarming viruses spreading worldwide. The influenza virus sialidase is an effective drug target, and a number of inhibitors are clinically effective against the virus (zanamivir, oseltamivir, peramivir). Here we(More)
Paramyxoviruses are the leading cause of respiratory disease in children. Several paramyxoviruses possess a surface glycoprotein, the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN), that is involved in attachment to sialic acid receptors, promotion of fusion, and removal of sialic acid from infected cells and progeny virions. Previously we showed that Newcastle disease(More)
We have established previously that the 67-kDa elastin-binding protein (EBP), identical to the spliced variant of beta-galactosidase, acts as a recyclable chaperone that facilitates secretion of tropoelastin. (Hinek, A., Keeley, F. W., and Callahan, J. W. (1995) Exp. Cell Res. 220, 312-324). We now demonstrate that EBP also forms a cell surface-targeted(More)
Rotavirus can cause severe gastrointestinal disease, especially in infants and young children, and is particularly prevalent in Third-World countries. Therefore, the development of potential inhibitors of this virus is of great interest. The present study describes the synthesis and in vitro biological evaluation of a number of N-acetylneuraminic acid-based(More)
Rat liver Golgi and Saccharomyces cerevisiae-expressed CMP-Neu5Ac transport protein were reconstituted in phosphatidylcholine liposomes and transport of CMP-Neu5Ac into these proteoliposomes was determined. The separation of transported substrate from free substrate was performed using Multiscreen minicolumns loaded with Sephadex G-50 resin (fine). The(More)
The heterologous expression of functional mammalian integral membrane proteins still represents a significant hurdle towards their crystallization and structure elucidation. We have therefore explored the use of the OmpA signal sequence to deliberately target the expression of the murine CMP-sialic acid transporter, a Golgi-resident protein with 10 putative(More)
Rotaviruses cause severe gastroenteritis in infants and are estimated to be responsible for over 600 000 deaths annually, primarily in developing countries. The development of potential inhibitors of this virus is therefore of great interest, particularly since the safety and efficacy of rotaviral vaccines has recently been questioned. This study describes(More)
Deaminoneuraminic acid residue-cleaving enzyme (KDNase Sm) is a new sialidase that has been induced and purified from Sphingobacterium multivorum. Catalysis by this new sialidase has been studied by enzyme kinetics and 1H NMR spectroscopy. Vmax/Km values determined for synthetic and natural substrates of KDNase Sm reveal that 4-methylumbelliferyl-KDN(More)