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The moment dependency of the series elastic stiffness (SES) in the human plantar flexors was investigated in vivo with the quick release method. At an ankle moment of 100 N m produced with either voluntary or electrical stimulation we found non-significantly different SES of 506+/-72 and 529+/-125 N m rad(-1), respectively. It has recently been proposed(More)
STUDY DESIGN This article describes the development of a musculoskeletal model of the human lumbar spine with focus on back muscles. It includes data from literature in a structured form. OBJECTIVE To review the anatomy and biomechanics of the back muscles related to the lumbar spine with relevance for biomechanical modeling. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)
Mandibular distraction osteogenesis will lead to a change in muscle coordination and load transfer to the temporomandibular joints (TMJ). The objective of this work is to present and validate a rigid-body musculo-skeletal model of the mandible based on inverse dynamics for calculation of the muscle activations, muscle forces and TMJ reaction forces for(More)
Today neuromuscular simulations are used in several fields, such as diagnostics and planing of surgery, to get a deeper understanding of the musculoskeletal system. During the last year, new models and datasets have been presented which can provide us with more in-depth simulations and results. The same kind of development has occurred in the field of(More)
The present investigation examined the variability of sitting postural movement in relation to the development of perceived discomfort by means of linear and nonlinear analysis. Nine male subjects participated in this study. Discomfort ratings, kinetic and kinematics data were recorded during prolonged sitting. Body part discomfort index, displacement of(More)
This study assessed the capacity of a musculoskeletal model to predict the relative muscle activation changes as a function of the workbench height and the movement direction during a simulated meat cutting task. Seven subjects performed a cutting task alternating two cutting directions for 20 s at four different workbench heights. Kinematics,(More)
This paper deals with the analysis of human arm movement in a crank-rotation task that is an example of environmentally constrained movements. Opening a door, rotating a steering wheel, and pushing a carriage are other typical examples of movements where the physical constraints, imposed on the hand position/orientation, influence the joint angles of the(More)
The aim of this study was to measure and analyse discomfort and biomechanics of cycling, i.e., muscle activation, centre of pressure of seat pressure profiles and pedal forces as a function of seat position. Twenty-one recreationally active individuals cycled for 10min at 100W on an ergometer cycle using five different seat positions. The neutral position(More)
The ability to predict the musculoskeletal response to external loads has multiple applications for the design of machines with a human interface and for the prediction of outcomes of musculoskeletal interventions. In this study, we applied an inverse-inverse dynamics technique to investigate its ability to predict arm posture in response to isometric hand(More)