Mark de Reuver

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The Streptococcus cremoris Wg2 proteinase gene, cloned in S. lactis, specified a proteinase which exhibited the same specificity toward casein as did the proteinase isolated from the original host. Although the cloned gene lacked the last 130 codons, the proteinase still specifically degraded beta-casein. Deletion of the C-terminal 343 amino acids from the(More)
Development of advanced mobile internet services requires flexible service platforms. Every service offering needs generic functionalities like security, billing and customer data management. Such functionalities used to be integrated in the mobile network infrastructure but are now offered by competing service platforms. Service platforms can still be(More)
The effects of the polyanions, carrageenan, dextran sulphate, polyanetholesulphonate and suramin, on macrophage functions and on the complement system were studied. The function of phagosomes and lysosomes in vitro was inhibited by all polyanions but carrageenan whereas phagocytosis in vitro was enhanced by small doses of all polyanions. Interaction with(More)
The adjuvant activities of four chemically similar, but physicochemically different nonionic surface-active agents called pluronic polyols F 68, L 31, L 101 and L 121 were studied. These four agents were tested in mice using an experimental model developed for studying the adjuvant activity of the cationic surface-active agent dimethyl dioctadecyl ammonium(More)
Hexasaccharide (HS) containing 3 U of cellobiuronic acid was isolated from Streptococcus pneumoniae type 3 capsular polysaccharide S3 and coupled to bovine serum albumin (BSA), keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH), or tetanus toxoid (TT). The immunogenicity of these HS-protein conjugates in BALB/c mice was studied by measuring the production of circulating(More)
Avidities of antibody (sub)classes in polyclonal antisera against Streptococcus pneumoniae type 3 (S3) can be (semi) quantitatively determined with a specific inhibition ELISA. A hexasaccharide was isolated from the hydrolyzed S3 capsular polysaccharide and coupled to a protein-carrier. Mixtures containing these conjugates and nonionic block polymer (NBP)(More)
A sensitive ELISA has been developed to study immune responses in mice against Streptococcus pneumoniae type 3 capsular polysaccharide (S3PS) and hexasaccharide (HS)-protein conjugates derived therefrom. An advantage of the described system is that the same microtiter plates can be used for both ELISA and ELISPOT tests with a standardized washing procedure(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae type 14 capsular polysaccharide-bovine serum albumin (S14PS-BSA) conjugates were prepared by water-soluble-carbodiimide-mediated condensation with or without the use of N-hydroxy-sulfosuccinimide. The immunogenicities of the capsular polysaccharide (S14PS) and of the conjugates were studied in (CBA/N x BALB/c)F1 mice and in female(More)
The effect of the adjuvant dimethyl dioctadecyl ammonium bromide (DDA) on the induction of cellular immunity in guinea pigs was studied. DDA, a surface-active lipid, was mixed with the antigen bovine serum albumin (BSA) or with a conjugate of BSA and dinitrophenol (DNP22--BSA) and injected into the footpads of guinea pigs. At varying intervals skin tests(More)