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In fast neutron therapy, the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of a given beam varies to a large extent with the neutron energy spectrum. This spectrum depends primarily on the energy of the incident particles and on the nuclear reaction used for neutron production. However, it also depends on other factors which are specific to the local facility,(More)
OBJECTIVE We have shown previously that pretreatment with genistein potentiated cell killing induced by radiation in human PC-3 prostate carcinoma cell line in vitro. We tested this approach in vivo using an orthotopic prostate carcinoma model of PC-3 cells in nude mice. METHODS Established prostate tumors were pretreated with p.o. genistein at a dose of(More)
BACKGROUND The potential role of neutron therapy in the management of intermediate-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma (IGNHL) has not been examined because of the belief that the anticipated radiobiological effectiveness (RBE) would be uniformly very low. PURPOSE To determine the fast neutron RBE for two chemotherapy-resistant IGNHL cell lines. METHODS AND(More)
We have shown previously that genistein, the major isoflavone in soybean, inhibited the growth of human prostate cancer cells in vitro by affecting the cell cycle and inducing apoptosis. To augment the effect of radiation for prostate carcinoma, we have now tested the combination of genistein with photon and neutron radiation on prostate carcinoma cells in(More)
We have previously reported the potentiation of radiotherapy by the soy isoflavone genistein for prostate cancer using prostate tumor cells in vitro and orthotopic prostate tumor models in vivo. However, when genistein was used as single therapy in animal models, it promoted metastasis to regional para-aortic lymph nodes. To clarify whether these intriguing(More)
Prior to routine operation of the neutron therapy unit a radiation survey was performed in order to confirm the shielding design and to assure the safety of the personnel involved in the operation of the unit. The shielding requirements were calculated in accordance with NCRP Report No. 51. The contributions of the neutron and gamma dose equivalents have(More)
To circumvent the toxicity caused by systemic injection of cytokines, cytokine cDNA genes encoding the human interleukin IL-2 cDNA (Ad-IL-2) and murine interferon IFN-gamma gene (Ad- IFN-gamma) were inserted into adenoviral vectors. These constructs were used for intratumoral gene therapy of murine renal adenocarcinoma Renca tumors. Treatment with three(More)
The effects of a sarcoma therapy dose level neutron radiation on oxidation and wear were compared between conventional (N2\Vac, Stryker Orthopedics, Mahwah, NJ) and highly cross-linked (Crossfire, Stryker Orthopedics) ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene acetabular liners. Liners were exposed to 15 Gy, a typical sarcoma treatment dose. Wear testing was(More)
The purpose of this study was to summarize the progress made using fast neutron irradiation in the treatment of prostate cancer at Wayne State University between 1991 and the year 2001. The results of three Phase II studies and one Phase III study involving nearly 700 patients is summarized in this paper. The Phase II studies were dose finding studies(More)
Silicon mini-semiconductor detectors are found in wide applications for in vivo personal dosimetry and dosimetry and microdosimetry of different radiation oncology modalities. These applications are based on integral and spectroscopy modes of metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor and silicon p-n junction detectors. The advantages and limitations(More)