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The literature on the mouse sperm morphology test and on other sperm tests in nonhuman mammals was reviewed (a) to evaluate the relationship of these tests to chemically induced spermatogenic dysfunction, germ-cell mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity, and (b) to make an interspecies comparison to chemicals. A total of 71 papers were reviewed. The mouse sperm(More)
Mortality data have been updated for a further 12 years for a cohort of workers in the reinforced plastics and composites industry with exposures to styrene monomer and other chemicals. The cohort consisted of 15,826 male and female employees who were exposed to styrene for at least six months between 1948 and 1977 at 30 participating manufacturing plants(More)
To evaluate the utility of sperm tests as indicators of chemical effects on human spermatogenesis, the literature on 4 sperm tests used to assess chemically induced testicular dysfunction was reviewed. The tests surveyed included sperm count, motility, morphology (seminal cytology), and double Y-body (a fluorescence-based test thought to detect(More)
Methoxyethanol (ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, EGME), ethoxyethanol (ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, EGEE), and ethoxyethyl acetate (ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate, EGEEA) are all developmental toxicants in laboratory animals. Due to the imprecise nature of the exposure data in epidemiology studies of these chemicals, we relied on human and(More)
This article presents data from 861 men who have participated in 14 separate occupational studies on testicular function. This population represents the largest series taken from occupational studies. The mean and median sperm counts were 107.1 and 83.0 million/ml of semen, respectively. The percentage of men with sperm counts less than 20 million/ml of(More)
A historical prospective mortality study was conducted on a cohort of 34 156 male members of a heavy construction equipment operators union with potential exposure to diesel exhaust emissions. This cohort comprised all individuals who were members of the International Union of Operating Engineers, Locals 3 and 3A, for at least one year between 1 January(More)
Dibromochloropropane (DBCP), a brominated organochlorine nematocide, has been used since the mid-1950s. Its primary value was its effectiveness on perennial crops without damaging the plants. DBCP also had less acute toxicity than earlier soil fumigants such as ethylene dibromide. DBCP became widely used on citrus, grapes, peaches, pineapple, soybeans and(More)
A retrospective cohort mortality study was conducted at a chemical plant producing acetic acid and acetic anhydride, two chemicals essential in the synthesis of cellulose triacetate fiber. Previously, we reported excess mortality from biliary tract and prostate cancers among workers in cellulose triacetate fiber manufacturing plants. In the present(More)
We conducted an epidemiologic study of skin cancer incidence rates for four counties in Montana. The two counties considered to be exposed to arsenic were Deer Lodge, containing the former Anaconda copper smelter, and Silver Bow, containing an open pit copper mine. Residents in these counties had potential exposure to arsenic and other heavy metals.(More)
A cohort of 101 male carbaryl production workers with at least 1 yr experience in the carbaryl area was selected from employment records. Of these individuals, 47 provided satifactory semen samples for analysis; 36 of the 47 provided blood for hormone assay. There were no major age or employment-status differences between those who agreed to participate and(More)