Mark Wheatley

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Many hormones that are central to normal reproductive functioning mediate their physiological effects by activating a receptor which belongs to the large family of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR). Members of this family of receptor proteins are usually glycosylated on extracellular domains. In recent years the role of this glycosylation in cell surface(More)
The distribution of the secretory pathway Ca2+ -ATPase (SPCA1) was investigated at both the mRNA and protein level in a variety of tissues. The mRNA and the protein for SPCA1 were relatively abundant in rat brain, testis and testicular derived cells (myoid cells, germ cells, primary Sertoli cells and TM4 cells; a mouse Sertoli cell line) and epididymal fat(More)
GPCRs exhibit a common architecture of seven transmembrane helices (TMs) linked by intracellular loops and extracellular loops (ECLs). Given their peripheral location to the site of G-protein interaction, it might be assumed that ECL segments merely link the important TMs within the helical bundle of the receptor. However, compelling evidence has emerged in(More)
BACKGROUND Clinicians use fibrosis in a liver biopsy to predict clinical outcomes of chronic liver disease. The performance of non-invasive tests has been evaluated against histological assessment of fibrosis but use of clinical outcomes as the reference standard would be ideal. The enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) test was derived and validated in a large(More)
Curcumin (diferuoylmethane or 1,7-bis (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenol)-1,6-hepatadiene-3,5-dione) is the active ingredient of the spice turmeric. Curcumin has been shown to have a number of pharmacological and therapeutic uses. This study shows that curcumin is a potent inhibitor of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive Ca2+ channel (InsP3 receptor). In(More)
Calcitonin receptor like-receptor is a family B G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR). It requires receptor activity modifying protein (RAMP) 1 to give a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor. Little is known of how members of this receptor family function. Proline residues often form important kinks in alpha-helices. Therefore, all proline residues(More)
In this study, we establish that the V1a vasopressin receptor (V1aR) is palmitoylated, and we show that this modification has an important functional role. Palmitoylation of the V1aR occurs within the Cys371/Cys372 couplet located in the proximal C-terminal tail domain. Substitution of these residues in a [C371G/C372G]V1aR construct effectively disrupted(More)
The receptor for calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a heterodimer formed by calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CRLR), a type II (family B) G-protein-coupled receptor, and receptor-activity-modifying protein 1 (RAMP1), a single-membrane-pass protein. It is likely that the first seven or so amino acids of CGRP (which form a disulphide-bonded loop)(More)
For G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in general, the roles of extracellular residues are not well defined compared with residues in transmembrane helices (TMs). Nevertheless, extracellular residues are important for various functions in both peptide-GPCRs and amine-GPCRs. In this study, the V(1a) vasopressin receptor was used to systematically(More)
It is fundamentally important to define how agonist-receptor interaction differs from antagonist-receptor interaction. The V1a vasopressin receptor (V1aR) is a member of the neurohypophysial hormone subfamily of G protein-coupled receptors. Using alanine-scanning mutagenesis of the N-terminal juxtamembrane segment of the V1aR, we now establish that Glu54(More)