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PURPOSE Some debate surrounds the accommodative mechanism in primates, particularly whether the lens equatorial diameter increases or decreases during accommodation. This study has been undertaken to measure the relationship between changes in lens diameter and refraction during accommodation in rhesus monkeys. METHODS Photorefraction was used to measure(More)
Uncertainty exists regarding accommodative and age changes in lens diameter and thickness in humans and monkeys. In this study, unaccommodated and accommodated refraction, lens diameter, and lens thickness were measured in rhesus monkeys across a range of ages. Iridectomized eyes were studied in 33 anesthetized monkeys aged 4-23 years. Refraction was(More)
Dynamic changes in crystalline lens radii of curvature and lens tilt and decentration were measured during centrally stimulated accommodation in four iridectomized eyes of two adolescent rhesus monkeys. Phakometry measurements were performed dynamically using a custom-built, video-based, Purkinje-image instrument. Lens anterior and posterior radii were(More)
PURPOSE Accommodation can be restored to presbyopic human eyes by refilling the capsular bag with a soft polymer. This study was conducted to test whether accommodation, measurable as changes in optical refraction, can be restored with a newly developed refilling polymer in a rhesus monkey model. A specific intra- and postoperative treatment protocol was(More)
The relationships between peak velocity and amplitude of Edinger-Westphal (EW) stimulated accommodation and disaccommodation were investigated in anesthetized, middle-aged rhesus monkeys. Accommodative responses were recorded at 30Hz with infrared photorefraction. Peak velocity of accommodation and disaccommodation increased linearly with stimulus(More)
Topical trans-dermal delivery of drugs has proven to be a promising route for treatment of many dermatological diseases. The aim of this study is to monitor and quantify the permeability rate of glucose solutions in rhesus monkey skin noninvasively in vivo as a primate model for drug diffusion. A time-domain Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) system was(More)
Many studies have used pilocarpine to stimulate accommodation in both humans and monkeys. However, the concentrations of pilocarpine used and the methods of administration vary. In this study, three different methods of pilocarpine administration are evaluated for their effectiveness in stimulating accommodation in rhesus monkeys. Experiments were performed(More)
There is considerable interest in determining lens volume in the living eye. Lens volume is of interest to understand accommodative changes in the lens and to size accommodative IOLs (A-IOLs) to fit the capsular bag. Some studies have suggested lens volume change during accommodation. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the only method available to(More)
A reliable experimental system in which IOP can be manipulated or a rapid IOP change can be induced while simultaneously and continuously measuring IOP and the ocular accommodative changes would be useful for understanding the physiological effect of intraocular pressure (IOP) on the accommodative mechanism. In this study, an IOP perfusion and recording(More)
An improved algorithm has been designed to characterize ligand interactions in organometallic and coordination complexes in terms of the percentage of the metal coordination sphere shielded by a given ligand. The computations for ligand solid angles are performed numerically and employ introduced atomic radii that are larger than covalent but smaller than(More)