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Non-intrusive appliance load monitoring is the process of dis-aggregating a household's total electricity consumption into its contributing appliances. In this paper we propose an approach by which individual appliances can be iteratively separated from an aggregate load. Unlike existing approaches, our approach does not require training data to be(More)
Non-intrusive appliance load monitoring is the process of disaggregating a household's total electricity consumption into its contributing appliances. In this paper we propose an unsupervised training method for non-intrusive monitoring which, unlike existing supervised approaches, does not require training data to be collected by sub-metering individual(More)
Non-intrusive appliance load monitoring is the process of breaking down a house-hold's total electricity consumption into its contributing appliances. In this paper we propose an approach by which individual appliances are iteratively separated from the aggregate load. Our approach does not require training data to be collected by sub-metering individual(More)
BACKGROUND Much implementation research is focused on full-scale trials with little evidence of preceding modelling work. The Medical Research Council Framework for developing and evaluating complex interventions has argued for more and better theoretical and exploratory work prior to a trial as a means of improving intervention development. Intervention(More)
Social News Websites (SNW), such as Digg and Reddit, are a new type of on-line news aggregator where an arti-cle's visibility (e.g. its position) is determined " democratically " by the users' preferences (usually by vote). We offer an overview of SNWs in both generic and specific terms, as well as some common venues for variation. Finally we present two(More)
This paper examines the current interplay between the actions of harassment and defamation and the nature and characteristics of social media specifically towards addressing the issues surrounding the growing usage of social media by employees during employment. It argues that with the legislation and provisions we currently have in place in the U.K. many(More)
— In this paper we propose an approach by which the energy efficiency of individual appliances can be estimated from an aggregate load. To date, energy disaggregation research has presented results for small data sets of 7 households or less, and as a result the generality of results are often unknown. In contrast, we have deployed household electricity(More)
<i>League of Legends</i> is the largest online game in the world, but is under-represented in video game studies. Its community is large and multi-sited, but known for competitive and toxic behaviours. This paper presents a qualitative research project into video game sociology, using <i>League of Legends</i> as the research site. It draws on Bourdieu's(More)
Social Networks such as Twitter are often used for disseminating and collecting information during natural disasters. The potential for its use in Disaster Management has been acknowledged. However, more nuanced understanding of the communications that take place on social networks are required to more effectively integrate this information into the(More)
The emerging practice of using information and communication technologies (ICTs), including the web, SMS, Geographic Information Systems and others, in peacebuilding projects has over the past few years generated growing interest from donors, practitioners and more recently academia. This is in large parts due to three trends: the observed role of new media(More)
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