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This statement presents the latest evidence for integrated community case management of childhood illness, describes the necessary program elements and support tools for effective implementation, and lays out actions that countries and partners can take to support the implementation of integrated community case management at scale.
A systematic review was conducted to categorize and describe Intervention Models involving community health workers (CHWs) that aim to improve case management of sick children at the household and community levels. The review focused on management of children with signs of malaria or pneumonia. Seven Intervention Models were identified, and classified… (More)
In 2004, WHO and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) released a joint statement recommending a new lower osmolarity oral rehydration salts (ORS) formulation and zinc supplementation for diarrhoea management. More than 5 years later, diarrhoea remains the second leading cause of death and few children in developing countries are receiving these… (More)
AIMS To systematically identify global research gaps and resource priorities for integrated community case management (iCCM). METHODS An iCCM Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) Advisory Group, in collaboration with the Community Case Management Operational Research Group (CCM ORG) identified experts to participate in a CHNRI research… (More)
Alcohol-induced hangover, defined by a series of symptoms, is the most commonly reported consequence of excessive alcohol consumption. Alcohol hangovers contribute to workplace absenteeism, impaired job performance, reduced productivity, poor academic achievement, and may compromise potentially dangerous daily activities such as driving a car or operating… (More)
Despite the existence of low-cost and effective interventions for childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea, these conditions remain two of the leading killers of young children. Based on feedback from health professionals in countries with high child mortality, in 2009, WHO and Unicef began conceptualising an integrated approach for pneumonia and diarrhoea… (More)
BACKGROUND Diarrhea remains a leading cause of mortality among young children in low- and middle-income countries. Although the evidence for individual diarrhea prevention and treatment interventions is solid, the effect a comprehensive scale-up effort would have on diarrhea mortality has not been estimated. METHODS AND FINDINGS We use the Lives Saved… (More)
This article consists of a short introduction to the reviews presented in this series. It focuses on the contribution of the work of the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG) to the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) through the development of estimates of key inputs to the model. These include previously estimated country-specific distribution of the main… (More)
1 Programme for Global Paediatric Research, the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada, 2 Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States of America, 3 Hygiene Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, 4 Center for Nutrition, Division of… (More)
Asha George and colleagues from the GAPPS group report the implementation research priorities to address prematurity and stillbirths at the community level that resulted from their recent expert consensus exercise.