Mark W. Ruszczycky

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The Diels-Alder reaction is a [4+2] cycloaddition reaction in which a cyclohexene ring is formed between a 1,3-diene and an electron-deficient alkene via a single pericyclic transition state. This reaction has been proposed as a key transformation in the biosynthesis of many cyclohexene-containing secondary metabolites. However, only four purified enzymes(More)
UDP-galactopyranose mutase (UGM) requires reduced FAD (FAD(red)) to catalyze the reversible interconversion of UDP-galactopyranose (UDP-Galp) and UDP-galactofuranose (UDP-Galf). Recent structural and mechanistic studies of UGM have provided evidence for the existence of an FAD-Galf/p adduct as an intermediate in the catalytic cycle. These findings are(More)
Only a very few examples of enzymes known to catalyze pericyclic reactions have been reported, and presently no enzyme has been demonstrated unequivocally to catalyze a Diels-Alder reaction. Nevertheless, research into secondary metabolism has led to the discovery of numerous natural products exhibiting the structural hallmarks of [4+2] cycloadditions,(More)
Tartrate dehydrogenase catalyzes the reductive decarboxylation of meso-tartrate to glycerate. Concomitant with the ketonization of the intermediate enolate the C3 hydroxymethylene of glycerate necessarily acquires a proton from solvent. In D2O, the proton is shown to be added stereospecifically to form (2R,3R)-[3-2H]glycerate. The 1H-NMR assignments of the(More)
The partnering of a beta-lactam with a beta-lactamase inhibitor is a highly effective strategy that can be used to combat bacterial resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics mediated by serine beta-lactamases (EC To this end, we tested two novel penem inhibitors against OXA-1, a class D beta-lactamase that is resistant to inactivation by tazobactam.(More)
Among the TEM-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs), an amino acid change at Ambler position 104 (Glu to Lys) results in increased resistance to ceftazidime and cefotaxime when found with other substitutions (e.g., Gly238Ser and Arg164Ser). To examine the role of Asp104 in SHV beta-lactamases, site saturation mutagenesis was performed. Our goal was(More)
DesII from Streptomyces venezuelae is a radical SAM (S-adenosyl-l-methionine) enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of TDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-d-glucose to form TDP-3-keto-4,6-dideoxy-d-glucose in the biosynthesis of TDP-d-desosamine. DesII also catalyzes the dehydrogenation of the nonphysiological substrate TDP-D-quinovose to TDP-3-keto-6-deoxy-d-glucose.(More)
Carbohydrates play a key role in the biological activity of numerous natural products. In many instances their biosynthesis requires radical mediated rearrangements, some of which are catalyzed by radical SAM enzymes. BtrN is one such enzyme responsible for the dehydrogenation of a secondary alcohol in the biosynthesis of 2-deoxystreptamine. DesII is(More)