Mark W. Rogers

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Step initiation involves anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) that propel the body mass forward and laterally before the first step. This study used a startle-like acoustic stimulus (SAS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to examine the preparation of APAs before forward stepping. After an instructed delay period, subjects initiated forward(More)
Nine standing subjects performed unilateral arm flexion movements over an eight-fold range of speeds, under two behavioral conditions. In the visually-guided condition, a visual target informed subjects about the correct movement speed. Seven subjects also made movements of different speeds during a self-paced condition, without a visual target. Angular(More)
AIMS To design simple tests of lateral stability for assessing balance in older people and to determine whether poor performances in these tests are associated with impaired vision, lower limb sensation, quadriceps strength, simple reaction time, and falling in this group. DESIGN A cross-sectional and retrospective study. SETTING Falls and Balance(More)
The effects of passive tactile cues about body sway on stability during standing were evaluated in subjects with a wide range of sensorimotor and balance performance. Healthy young adults, diabetic subjects with varying degrees of peripheral sensory neuropathy and older subjects aged 70–80 years were studied. Body sway was measured when subjects stood on(More)
BACKGROUND Falls related to balance dysfunction are among the major problems of older individuals. The timing characteristics of protective voluntary stepping are critically related to effective balance recovery and are often delayed and slowed with age. This study investigated the influence of step training on the timing characteristics of voluntary step(More)
An intelligent stretching device was developed to treat the spastic/contractured ankle of neurologically impaired patients. The device stretched the ankle safely throughout the range of motion (ROM) to extreme dorsiflexion and plantarflexion until a specified peak resistance torque was reached with the stretching velocity controlled based on the resistance(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a progressive variation in the speed of ascent would result in differences in the horizontal and vertical motions of the body center of mass (CM) and in the governing impulse-momentum relationship. A motion analysis system and two force platforms were used to examine the STS task among 10 healthy(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the influence of different reaction stimulus cues on the characteristics of ground reaction forces during the initiation of rapid forward stepping, and to determine whether age-related differences in step initiation are influenced by the type of stimulus cue used to trigger stepping. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively determine the capacity of measures of mediolateral (ML) protective stepping performance, maximum hip abduction torque, and trunk mobility, in order to predict the risk of falls among community-living older people. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING A balance and falls research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Medically screened(More)
BACKGROUND Deterioration with age of physiological components of balance control increases fall risk. Avoiding a fall can also require higher level cognitive processing to select correct motor and stepping responses. Here we investigate how a competing cognitive task and an obstacle to stepping affect the initiation and execution phases of choice stepping(More)