Mark W Rigler

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The hydrolysis of gum arabic-stabilized trioleylglycerol emulsions by pancreatic lipase was examined by freeze-fracture electron microscopy in the absence of bile salts. A sequence of liquid crystalline product phases was produced during the non-equilibrium conditions of hydrolysis. The morphology of the product phases were pH- and droplet size-dependent.(More)
The technique of freeze fracture was used to visualize triglyceride (TG) hydrolysis and the production of lipolytic products (LPs) in vitro and in vivo in the presence of bile salts (BS). Three systems were investigated: pure lipolytic products (oleic acid and monoolein) in the presence of a pure bile salt (taurodeoxycholate (TDC)), lipolytic products(More)
The original version of the Kent Micronite cigarette filter used crocidolite, a form of asbestos, from 1952 until at least mid-1956. Cigarettes from intact, unopened packs of the brand from this period were examined. One filter contained approximately 10 mg of crocidolite. Crocidolite structures were found in the mainstream smoke from the first two puffs of(More)
Radiolabeled taurocholate (TC) and triolein were used to study fat assimilation and bile salt absorption in the stomachless saltwater killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus. Fat absorption occurred primarily in the proximal intestine with approximately 87% of a single dose (9 mg fat/8 g fish) absorbed in 2 h. Luminal triolein hydrolysis and enterocyte triolein(More)
This study assessed the effect of concomitant lipid absorption on the bioavailability and lymphatic transport of benzo(a)pyrene (BP), a carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). Conscious, male Sprague-Dawley rats, equipped with biliary and mesenteric lymphatic catheters received intraduodenally a dose of 0.4 mumoles 3H-labeled BP completely(More)
The effect of lingual lipase on four different triacylglycerol emulsions was observed by light microscopy at pH 5-6. The extent of hydrolysis on the microscope slide was determined with the aid of radioactive emulsions or by analyzing the products by gas-liquid chromatography. Artificial emulsions that had been stabilized with amphiphilic lipids gradually(More)
Diacetyl (2,3 butanedione), a butter-flavored diketone, has been linked to a severe lung disease, bronchiolitis obliterans. We tested a total of three natural butters and artificial microwave popcorn butter flavorings (three powders, two pastes, and one liquid) for bulk diacetyl concentration and diacetyl emissions when heated. Pastes and liquid butter(More)
Many intramembranous particles in pig jejunal microvillus membranes cluster during cell disruption and membrane vesiculation with the MgCl2 aggregation technique (Hauser, H., Howell, K., Dawson, R.M.C. and Bowyer, D.E. (1980) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 602, 567-577). Isolated brush borders and purified microvillus membrane vesicles were jet-frozen and examined(More)
Cryogenic storage devices for microscopy specimens are costly and may require a particular size or type of dewar. Described here is a simple inexpensive storage container for small specimens (less than 5 mm in diameter) which can be constructed in less than 15 min from common laboratory materials. The unit is modular in design, can fit into any thermos type(More)
Two methods for the measurement of total lipid weight in biological and geological samples and the major lipid classes in human gallbladder bile using the Iatroscan TH-10 analyzer are described. Total lipid determination involves the application of small (5 microliter) volumes to Chromarods, focusing of the sample into one band by partial development in(More)