Mark W. Garrison

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A blood culture cohort study investigating issues related to isolation of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) and other skin microflora is reported. Data were collected over 12 weeks to determine the incidence of significant CoNS bacteremia versus that of pseudobacteremia (contaminants) and to evaluate drug therapy in patients with cultures positive for(More)
Viral hepatitis is second to gonorrhea as the most commonly reported infectious disease in the US. Hepatitis B accounts for the majority of viral hepatitis cases. Fortunately, the disease is self-limiting and frequently resolves completely with minimal complications; however, a significant number of individuals may experience long-term sequelae. Research(More)
A total of 57 clinical isolates were screened by disk diffusion for a related pharmacodynamic study. Testing was performed using National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards guidelines, except that results were interpreted at 16 to 18 h and 48 h. Of the 57 isolates, 19 were randomly chosen for additional comparative susceptibility testing of five(More)
Tigecycline is a glycylcycline with promising broad-spectrum activity, including resistant Gram-positive organisms. This study characterizes in vitro activity of tigecycline against quinolone-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (QRSP), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE). An in vitro(More)
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea are considered to be at increased risk of sudden, presumably arrhythmia-related death during sleep. The present study was undertaken to determine the relationship between ventricular ectopy and the severity of oxyhemoglobin desaturation in these patients. Thirty-one male patients with obstructive sleep apnea (mean age,(More)
As one of the largest growing classes of antiretroviral drugs, protease inhibitors are promising agents for the management of patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We reviewed the literature and compared efficacy, dosing, side effects, and drug-interaction profiles of the protease inhibitors saquinavir, ritonavir, indinavir, and(More)
Patients with diabetes represent a unique group of individuals who appear more prone than others to developing infections. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the association between diabetes and infections. However, few conclusive studies exist and considerable debate continues regarding evidence for this predisposition. Despite this lack of(More)
Since 2000, a new pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has been on the US market, offering immunization against seven serotypes. Its use has the potential to dramatically reduce the incidence of pneumococcal disease and its sequelae in children. Here, the authors review the efficacy, safety, and cost of the new pneumococcal vaccine and offer guidelines on how to(More)
Sudden death and oxyhemoglobin desaturation are known to occur during sleep in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The present study was undertaken to determine the frequency with which nocturnal oxygen desaturation promotes an increase in ventricular ectopic activity, since such a relationship could represent a potential pathophysiologic(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to develop an in vitro pharmacodynamic model (IVPM) that would simultaneously simulate in vivo serum and middle ear amoxicillin pharmacokinetic characteristics of acute (purulent) otitis media and then utilize the IVPM to assess amoxicillin-mediated killing of a type 7F Streptococcus pneu-moniae (MIC = 0.002 mg/L). The(More)