Mark W. F. Fischer

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The measurement of anisotropic spin interactions, such as residual dipolar couplings, in partially ordered solutions can provide valuable information on biomolecular structure. While the information can be used to refine local structure, it can make a unique contribution in determining the relative orientation of remote parts of molecules, which are locally(More)
BACKGROUND Spore discharge in the majority of the 30,000 described species of Basidiomycota is powered by the rapid motion of a fluid droplet, called Buller's drop, over the spore surface. In basidiomycete yeasts, and phytopathogenic rusts and smuts, spores are discharged directly into the airflow around the fungal colony. Maximum discharge distances of 1-2(More)
BACKGROUND A variety of spore discharge processes have evolved among the fungi. Those with the longest ranges are powered by hydrostatic pressure and include "squirt guns" that are most common in the Ascomycota and Zygomycota. In these fungi, fluid-filled stalks that support single spores or spore-filled sporangia, or cells called asci that contain multiple(More)
This contribution is based on the six presentations given at the Special Interest Group meeting on Mathematical modelling of fungal growth and function held during IMC9. The topics covered aspects of fungal growth ranging across several orders of magnitude of spatial and temporal scales from the bio-mechanics of spore ejection, vesicle trafficking and(More)
Millions of tons of fungal spores are dispersed in the atmosphere every year. These living cells, along with plant spores and pollen grains, may act as nuclei for condensation of water in clouds. Basidiospores released by mushrooms form a significant proportion of these aerosols, particularly above tropical forests. Mushroom spores are discharged from gills(More)
The distinctive shapes of basidiomata in the bird's nest fungi reflect differences in the mechanism of splash discharge. In the present study, peridiole discharge was examined in Nidularia pulvinata using high-speed video. Nidularia pulvinata produces globose basidiomata that split open at maturity to expose 100 or more peridioles within a gelatinous(More)
Residual dipolar couplings are being increasingly used as structural constraints for NMR studies of biomolecules. A problem arises when dipolar coupling contributions are larger than scalar contributions for a given spin pair, as is commonly observed in solid state NMR studies, in that signs of dipolar couplings cannot easily be determined. Here the sign(More)
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