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Elevation gradients of species‐density: historical and prospective views
Studies of elevation clines in diversity and composition of ecological communities date back to the origins of biogeography. A modern resurgence of interests in these elevational clines is likely to
Body size evolution in insular vertebrates: generality of the island rule
The generality of the island rule – the graded trend from gigantism in small species to dwarfism in larger species – for mammals and other terrestrial vertebrates on islands and island‐like ecosystems is assessed.
Body Size of Mammals on Islands: The Island Rule Reexamined
On commente le tableau de frequence du nanisme et du gigantisme pour 365 populations insulaires de mammiferes terrestres; comparaison avec les mammiferes continentaux. Presentation d'un modele. Role
Investigating causality of nestedness of insular communities: selective immigrations or extinctions?
. Most archipelagos are comprised of a nested set of communities, with species on depauperate islands representing proper subsets of those on richer islands. The causality for this common
Dynamic biogeography and conservation of endangered species
It is reported that observed patterns of range contraction do not support the above predictions and that most species examined persist in the periphery of their historical geographical ranges, with the core populations persisting until the final stages of decline.
A call for a new paradigm of island biogeography
The principal, conceptual shortcomings of the equilibrium theory of island biogeography are discussed and some modifications or alternatives to the theory are offered that are hoped will eventually lead to a more comprehensive understanding of the forces structuring insular communities.
Of mice and mammoths: evaluations of causal explanations for body size evolution in insular mammals
The hypothesis that the body size evolution of insular mammals is influenced by a combination of selective forces whose relative importance and nature of influence are contextual is supported.
The species-area relationship: new challenges for an old pattern
Causal explanations for this relationship may need to be multifactorial and include a range of processes from disturbance and stochastic variation in habitat quality on the very small islands, to ecological interactions, immigration, extinction and, finally, evolution on the larger islands.
A species‐based theory of insular zoogeography
1 I present an alternative to the equilibrium theory of island biogeography, one which is based on the premise that many of the more general patterns in insular community structure result from, not