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CO2 laser induced pyrolysis of silane was used to produce silicon nanoparticles with an average diameter as small as 5 nm at high rates (up to 200 mg/h). Etching these particles with a mixture of hydrofluoric acid (HF) and nitric acid (HNO3) reduces their size and passivates their surface such that they exhibit bright visible photoluminescence (PL). This(More)
Nanoparticles of iron have been prepared by laser-driven decomposition of iron pentacarbonyl vapor. In this method, an infrared laser rapidly heats a dilute mixture of precursor vapors to decompose the precursor and initiate particle nucleation. It was found that when using SF 6 as a photosensitizer during the synthesis, ferrous fluoride (FeF 2) was(More)
MOTIVATION Novel high-throughput genomic and proteomic tools are allowing the integration of information from a range of biological assays into a single conceptual framework. This framework is often described as a network of biochemical reactions. We present strategies for the analysis of such networks. RESULTS The direct differential method is described(More)
Silicon nanoparticles with bright visible photoluminescence have been prepared by a new combined vapor phase and solution phase process, using only inexpensive commodity chemicals. CO2 laser induced pyrolysis of silane was used to produce Si nanoparticles at high rates (20-200 mg/h). Particles with an average diameter as small as 5 nm were prepared directly(More)
Quantum dots (QDs) have size-dependent optical properties that make them uniquely advantageous for in vivo targeted fluorescence imaging, traceable delivery, and therapy. The use of group II-VI (e.g., CdSe) QDs for these applications is advancing rapidly. However, group II-VI QDs contain toxic heavy metals that limit their in vivo applications. Thus,(More)
Tremendous research efforts have been devoted to fabricating high quality quantum dots (QDs) for applications in biology and medicine. Much of this research was pursued with an ultimate goal of using QDs in clinical applications. However, a great deal of concern has been voiced about the potential hazards of QDs due to their heavy-metal content. Many(More)
We describe and demonstrate a general strategy for engineering binary and ternary hybrid nanoparticles based on spontaneous epitaxial nucleation and growth of a second and third component onto seed nanoparticles in high-temperature organic solutions. Multifunctional hybrid nanoparticles that combine magnetic, plasmonic, and semiconducting properties and(More)
Current clinical therapies for critical-sized bone defects (CSBDs) remain far from ideal. Previous studies have demonstrated that engineering bone tissue using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is feasible. However, this approach is not effective for CSBDs due to inadequate vascularization. In our previous study, we have developed an injectable and porous nano(More)
Luminescent silicon quantum dots (SiQDs) are gaining momentum in bioimaging applications, based on their unique combination of optical properties and biocompatibility. Here, we report the development of a multimodal probe that combines the optical properties of silicon quantum dots with the superparamagnetic properties of iron oxide nanoparticles to create(More)
Quantum dots (QDs) are luminescent nanocrystals with rich surface chemistry and unique optical properties that make them useful as probes or carriers for traceable targeted delivery and therapy applications. QDs can be functionalized to target specific cells or tissues by conjugating them with targeting ligands. Recent advancement in making biocompatible QD(More)