Mark T. Palfreyman

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Synaptic vesicles dock to the plasma membrane at synapses to facilitate rapid exocytosis. Docking was originally proposed to require the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins; however, perturbation studies suggested that docking was independent of the SNARE proteins. We now find that the SNARE protein(More)
Mutations in ric-3 (resistant to inhibitors of cholinesterase) suppress the neuronal degenerations caused by a gain of function mutation in the Caenorhabditis elegans DEG-3 acetylcholine receptor. RIC-3 is a novel protein with two transmembrane domains and extensive coiled-coil domains. It is expressed in both muscles and neurons, and the protein is(More)
Mating induces pronounced changes in female reproductive behavior, typically including a dramatic reduction in sexual receptivity. In Drosophila, postmating behavioral changes are triggered by sex peptide (SP), a male seminal fluid peptide that acts via a receptor (SPR) expressed in sensory neurons (SPSNs) of the female reproductive tract. Here, we identify(More)
The complex lipid constituents of the eukaryotic plasma membrane are precisely controlled in a cell-type-specific manner, suggesting an important, but as yet, unknown cellular function. Neuronal membranes are enriched in long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) and alterations in LC-PUFA metabolism cause debilitating neuronal pathologies. However,(More)
Tetraspan vesicle membrane proteins (TVPs) comprise a major portion of synaptic vesicle proteins, yet their contribution to the synaptic vesicle cycle is poorly understood. TVPs are grouped in three mammalian gene families: physins, gyrins, and secretory carrier-associated membrane proteins (SCAMPs). In Caenorhabditis elegans, only a single member of each(More)
Mutations in unc-46 in Caenorhabditis elegans cause defects in all behaviors that are mediated by GABA. Here we show that UNC-46 is a sorting factor that localizes the vesicular GABA transporter to synaptic vesicles. The UNC-46 protein is related to the LAMP (lysosomal associated membrane protein) family of proteins and is localized at synapses. In unc-46(More)