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BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) has emerged as a therapeutic target using cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in selected patients with chronic heart failure. Current methods used to evaluate LVMD are technically difficult and do not assess LVMD of the whole LV simultaneously. We developed and validated real-time 3D(More)
RATIONALE Orai1 and the associated calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channel were discovered in the immune system. Existence also in endothelial cells has been suggested, but the relevance to endothelial biology is mostly unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of Orai1 and CRAC channels to vascular endothelial(More)
Proliferation of adipocyte precursors and their differentiation into mature adipocytes contributes to the development of obesity in mammals. IGF-I is a potent mitogen and important stimulus for adipocyte differentiation. The biological actions of IGFs are closely regulated by a family of IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs), which exert predominantly inhibitory(More)
RATIONALE Transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM)3 is a calcium-permeable ion channel activated by the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate and positively coupled to insulin secretion in beta cells. Although vascular TRPM3 mRNA has been reported, there is no knowledge of TRPM3 protein or its regulation and function in the cardiovascular system. (More)
The mechanisms by which physical forces regulate endothelial cells to determine the complexities of vascular structure and function are enigmatic. Studies of sensory neurons have suggested Piezo proteins as subunits of Ca(2+)-permeable non-selective cationic channels for detection of noxious mechanical impact. Here we show Piezo1 (Fam38a) channels as(More)
Type 2 diabetes and obesity are major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular atherosclerosis. Resistance to the metabolic effects of insulin on its traditional target tissues (muscle, liver and adipose tissue) is a central pathogenic feature of these disorders. However, the role of insulin resistance in non-canonical tissues, such as the(More)
AIMS Over the last decade, advances in treatment for patients sustaining an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have reduced mortality rates. We aimed to assess whether patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have derived similar benefits as patients without DM. METHODS AND RESULTS We compared characteristics, management, and survival of patients with and(More)
Aortic stiffness, as measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), is a powerful, independent predictor of vascular risk. PWV in muscular arteries is influenced by basal nitric oxide (NO) release. It is not known whether NO also influences carotid-femoral PWV. We examined the effects of an NO synthase inhibitor, NG-monomethyl-l-arginine (L-NMMA),(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of endothelial dysfunction. We explored the effect of different degrees of body mass on endothelial function, lipids, systemic inflammation and glucose homeostasis and the effect of surgically-induced weight loss on endothelial function in severely obese humans. METHODS A cross-sectional study(More)
Viral infection of the heart is relatively common and usually of little consequence. It can, however, lead to substantial cardiac damage and severe acute heart failure. It can also evolve into the progressive syndrome of chronic heart failure. Recent studies have gone some way towards unravelling the complex mechanisms underlying the heart muscle damage(More)