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PURPOSE To determine the optimal cutoff level of fluorine-18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the differentiation of low-grade from high-grade cerebral tumors at position emission tomography (PET). MATERIALS AND METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed images from PET, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography performed in 58(More)
We review 160 cases of gliomatosis cerebri from the literature and report an additional three infants and young children who presented with intractable epilepsy, corticospinal tract deficits, and developmental delay in whom a pathologic diagnosis was made. The progressive nature of the encephalopathy in our cases was documented by serial clinical(More)
Six adults and 2 children with focal inhibitory motor seizures (ictal paralysis) were evaluated during a 4-year period. Paresthesias at seizure onset occurred during some seizures in all patients, and focal clonic activity followed paralysis in 4. EEG-CCTV recordings of the seizures in 2 patients showed that ictal paralysis coincided with an ictal discharge(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate response rate, event-free survival (EFS), and toxicity of two chemotherapeutic regimens for treatment of children younger than 36 months with malignant brain tumors and to estimate control intervals without irradiation in children with no residual tumor after initial surgery and induction chemotherapy and with delayed irradiation in(More)
We have characterized five distinct cell surface antigens of human astrocytomas and correlated their expression with the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and four previously defined cell surface markers of astrocytomas. One of the newly studied antigens, A4, which was originally detected on rat central nervous system (but not peripheral(More)
This review examines the apparently paradoxical conversion of transforming growth factor beta's (TGFbeta) regulatory role as a growth inhibitor among normal glial cells to that of a progression factor among glioblastomas (GM). In vitro, TGFbeta functions as an autocrine growth inhibitor of near-diploid gliomas of any grade. In contrast, hyperdiploid(More)
PURPOSE This Children's Cancer Group group-wide phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of two chemotherapy arms administered before hyperfractionated external-beam radiotherapy (HFEBRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-two patients with newly diagnosed brainstem gliomas were randomly assigned to regimen A and 31 to regimen B. Regimen A comprised(More)
The adverse prognosis associated with malignant astrocytomas (MA) is due in part to the development of resistance by the tumor to chemo- and radiotherapy-induced cytotoxic damage. The mechanisms of resistance are poorly understood but function at the level of the endothelial cell, the blood-brain barrier and the neoplastic cell itself. The classic examples(More)
Anaplastic gangliogliomas with an oligodendroglial component are exceedingly rare tumors of uncertain growth potential. We report a 17-year-old female with a massive ganglioglioma containing anaplastic oligodendroglioma apparently arising from the thalamus. Two weeks after partial resection, she was started on a regimen including escalated doses of(More)
We review hereditary influences in the epilepsies from the perspective of medical genetics. The recurrence risk for epilepsy in close relatives may vary from 2% to 5% up to 50% depending on the etiology of the seizure disorder in the proband. We emphasize the identification of specific disorders with single-gene inheritance that will lead to useful(More)