Mark T Horn

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The expanding use of adenoviral vectors for gene therapy has brought about the need for new analytical tools. We have developed an anion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography method to analyze recombinant adenovirus serotype 5 samples. Before this assay, available analytical methods consisted of either long-term biological assays or required(More)
Recent studies have shown enhanced antitumor efficacy with adenoviruses that either lack E1B-19K or overexpress E3-11.6K (also known as adenoviral death protein). E1B-19K is a well-characterized anti-apoptotic protein, and viruses with E1B-19K deletions show increased cytopathicity. However, the mechanism of cell killing by E3-11.6K, which plays an(More)
Adenovirus-mediated gene therapy of bladder diseases has been limited by the inability to transduce the urothelium successfully using adenoviral vectors. We have sought to identify agents that would increase adenovirus-mediated transgene expression in the bladder. We have utilized a rat model to screen compounds for their ability to enhance viral transgene(More)
We have investigated the use of column chromatography for the purification of ACN53, a recombinant adenovirus type 5 encoding the human p53 tumor suppressor protein. Anion exchange, size exclusion, hydrophobic interaction, and metal chelating resins were tested; each was found to have distinct advantages and disadvantages. Based on these data, a rapid(More)
Drosophila translational elongation factor-1gamma (EF1gamma) interacts in the yeast two-hybrid system with DOA, the LAMMER protein kinase of Drosophila. Analysis of mutant EF1gamma alleles reveals that the locus encodes a structurally conserved protein essential for both organismal and cellular survival. Although no genetic interactions were detected in(More)
Akt/protein kinase B is a serine/threonine kinase that plays a critical role in cell survival signaling, and its activation has been linked to tumorigenesis in several human cancers. Up-regulation of Akt, as well as its upstream regulator phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, has been found in many tumors, and the negative regulator of this pathway, mutated in(More)
As virus vectors for gene therapy approach the goal of successful clinical treatment, it is increasingly necessary for the product to be fully characterized. Empty capsids are perhaps the main extraneous component of recombinant adenovirus (rAd) products that are purified by column chromatography. Two diverse rAd products, one a replication-defective rAd(More)
Intravascular administration of recombinant adenovirus (rAd) in cancer patients has been well tolerated. However, dose-limiting hemodynamic responses associated with suppression of cardiac output have been observed at doses of 7.5 x 10(13) particles. While analysis of hemodynamic responses induced by small-molecule pharmaceuticals is well established,(More)
Poor drug delivery and penetration of antibody-mediated therapies pose significant obstacles to effective treatment of solid tumors. This study explored the role of pharmacokinetics, valency, and molecular weight in maximizing drug delivery. Biodistribution of a fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) targeting CovX-body (an FGFR4-binding peptide(More)
Human growth hormone was conjugated to a carrier aldolase antibody, using a novel linker by connecting a disulphide bond in growth hormone to a lysine-94 amine located on the Fab arm of the antibody. The resulting CovX body showed reduced affinity towards human growth hormone receptor, reduced cell-based activity, but improved pharmacodynamic properties. We(More)