Mark T Hilgers

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Following recent reports of ribosomal protein L3 mutations in laboratory-derived linezolid-resistant (LZD(r)) Staphylococcus aureus, we investigated whether similar mutations were present in LZD(r) staphylococci of clinical origin. Sequence analysis of a variety of LZD(r) isolates revealed two L3 mutations, DeltaSer145 (S. aureus NRS127) and Ala157Arg(More)
TR-700 (torezolid), the active moiety of the novel oxazolidinone phosphate prodrug TR-701, is highly potent against gram-positive pathogens, including strains resistant to linezolid (LZD). Here we investigated the potential of Staphylococcus aureus strains ATCC 29213 (methicillin-susceptible S. aureus [MSSA]) and ATCC 33591 (methicillin-resistant S. aureus(More)
The ability of bacteria to regulate gene expression in response to changes in cell density is termed quorum sensing. This behavior involves the synthesis and recognition of extracellular, hormone-like compounds known as autoinducers. Here we report the structure of an autoinducer synthase, LuxS from Bacillus subtilis, at 1.6-A resolution (R(free) = 0.204;(More)
Human 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type I (11beta-HSD1) is an ER-localized membrane protein that catalyzes the interconversion of cortisone and cortisol. In adipose tissue, excessive cortisol production through 11beta-HSD1 activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of type II diabetes and obesity. We report here biophysical, kinetic,(More)
UDP-N-acetylmuramic acid:L-alanine ligase (MurC) catalyzes the addition of the first amino acid to the cytoplasmic precursor of the bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan. The crystal structures of Haemophilus influenzae MurC in complex with its substrate UDP-N-acetylmuramic acid (UNAM) and Mg(2+) and of a fully assembled MurC complex with its product(More)
A series of potent and bacteria-selective threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) inhibitors have been identified using structure-based drug design. These compounds occupied the substrate binding site of ThrRS and showed excellent binding affinities for all of the bacterial orthologues tested. Some of the compounds displayed greatly improved bacterial selectivity.(More)
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitors such as trimethoprim (TMP) have long played a significant role in the treatment of bacterial infections. Not surprisingly, after decades of use there is now bacterial resistance to TMP and therefore a need to develop novel antibacterial agents with expanded spectrum including these resistant strains. In this study,(More)
Targeted antisense and gene replacement mutagenesis experiments demonstrate that only the murA1 gene and not the murA2 gene is required for the normal cellular growth of Bacillus anthracis. Antisense-based modulation of murA1 gene expression hypersensitizes cells to the MurA-specific antibiotic fosfomycin despite the normally high resistance of B. anthracis(More)
Resistance to linezolid (LZD) occurs through mutations in 23S rRNA and ribosomal proteins L3 and L4 or through methylation of 23S rRNA by Cfr. Here we report novel L3 mutations, ΔSer145/His146Tyr and ΔMet169-Gly174, co-occurring with cfr in LZD-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from a hospital outbreak in Madrid, Spain. LZD MIC values (16,(More)
B(12)-dependent methionine synthase (MetH) is a large modular enzyme that utilizes the cobalamin cofactor as a methyl donor or acceptor in three separate reactions. Each methyl transfer occurs at a different substrate-binding domain and requires a different arrangement of modules. In the catalytic cycle, the cobalamin-binding domain carries methylcobalamin(More)