Mark T Dvorozniak

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Glucokinase (GK) plays a key role in whole-body glucose homeostasis by catalyzing the phosphorylation of glucose in cells that express this enzyme, such as pancreatic beta cells and hepatocytes. We describe a class of antidiabetic agents that act as nonessential, mixed-type GK activators (GKAs) that increase the glucose affinity and maximum velocity (Vmax)(More)
The glucokinase regulatory protein (GKRP) inhibits glucokinase competitively with respect to glucose by forming a protein-protein complex with this enzyme. The physiological role of GKRP in controlling hepatic glucokinase activity was addressed using gene targeting to disrupt GKRP gene expression. Heterozygote and homozygote knockout mice have a substantial(More)
Platelet MAO activity was measured in 79 Parkinson patients (56 males and 23 females) before and during L-deprenyl therapy. Baseline platelet MAO activity was higher in females than in males with no age dependent differences. During chronic L-deprenyl therapy, MAO activity was inhibited greater than 98%. Four hours after the oral administration of the first(More)
The beneficial effects of thyroid hormone (TH) on lipid levels are primarily due to its action at the thyroid hormone receptor β (THR-β) in the liver, while adverse effects, including cardiac effects, are mediated by thyroid hormone receptor α (THR-α). A pyridazinone series has been identified that is significantly more THR-β selective than earlier(More)
Glucokinase (GK) activation as a potential strategy to treat type 2 diabetes (T2D) is well recognized. Compound 1, a glucokinase activator (GKA) lead that we have previously disclosed, caused reversible hepatic lipidosis in repeat-dose toxicology studies. We hypothesized that the hepatic lipidosis was due to the structure-based toxicity and later(More)
 Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is a heterodimeric cytokine with a number of biological effects that are consistent with its potential role as an antitumor agent. The antimetastatic and antitumor activities of IL-12 have been demonstrated in a number of murine tumor models. Both the inhibition of established experimental pulmonary or hepatic metastases and a(More)
Glucokinase (GK) is a glucose sensor that couples glucose metabolism to insulin release. The important role of GK in maintaining glucose homeostasis is illustrated in patients with GK mutations. In this publication, identification of the hit molecule 1 and its SAR development, which led to the discovery of potent allosteric GK activators 9a and 21a, is(More)
The IAPs are key regulators of the apoptotic pathways and are commonly overexpressed in many cancer cells. IAPs contain one to three BIR domains that are crucial for their inhibitory function. The pro-survival properties of XIAP come from binding of the BIR domains to the pro-apoptotic caspases. The BIR3 domain of XIAP binds and inhibits caspase 9, while(More)
The phenylacetamide 1 represents the archtypical glucokinase activator (GKA) in which only the R-isomer is active. In order to probe whether the chiral center could be replaced, we prepared a series of olefins 2 and show in the present work that these compounds represent a new class of GKAs. Surprisingly, the SAR of the new series paralleled that of the(More)
The regional distribution of calcineurin activity (measured using p-nitrophenyl-phosphate which detects the phospho-tyrosylphosphatase activity of calcineurin) shows that the striatum, hippocampus and cerebral cortex contains high calcineurin activity. Within the striatum, calcineurin activity does not appear to be present in dopaminergic terminals, since(More)