Mark T Bayley

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PRIMARY OBJECTIVE Despite the importance of community integration to individuals with traumatic brain injury, it is assessed relatively infrequently. The present paper provides a review of current approaches to the assessment of community integration, including evaluation of psychometric and administrative properties reported in the literature. MAIN(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hemiparesis resulting in functional limitation of an upper extremity is common among stroke survivors. Although existing evidence suggests that increasing intensity of stroke rehabilitation therapy results in better motor recovery, limited evidence is available on the efficacy of virtual reality for stroke rehabilitation. METHODS In(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the psychometric and administrative properties of outcome measures in the ICF Participation category, which are used in stroke rehabilitation research and reported in the published literature. METHOD Critical review and synthesis of measurement properties for six commonly reported instruments in the stroke rehabilitation literature.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the psychometric and administrative properties of outcome measures in the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Activity category used in stroke rehabilitation research and reported in the published literature. METHOD Critical review and synthesis of measurement properties for nine commonly(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain patterns of cognitive recovery during the first year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Specifically, differential recovery across cognitive domains was investigated. DESIGN Prospective, longitudinal, naturalistic, 1-year follow-up study. SETTING Large, urban inpatient neurorehabilitation program. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=75)(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the functional outcomes of patients with anoxic brain injury (AnBI) compared with control patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) during inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN Matched case-controlled design. SETTING Inpatient neurorehabilitation program. PARTICIPANTS Fifteen patients with AnBI and 15 patients with TBI. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of the Synergium was to devise and prioritize new ways of accelerating progress in reducing the risks, effects, and consequences of stroke. METHODS Preliminary work was performed by 7 working groups of stroke leaders followed by a synergium (a forum for working synergistically together) with approximately 100 additional(More)
BACKGROUND and objective. In spite of the challenges, engaging in exercise programs very early after stroke may positively influence aerobic capacity and stroke-related outcomes, including walking ability. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of adding aerobic cycle ergometer training to conventional rehabilitation early after stroke(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To review the literature on non-pharmacological interventions used in acute settings to manage elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) and minimize cerebral damage in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). MAIN OUTCOMES A literature search of multiple databases (CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and PSYCHINFO) and hand-searched articles covering(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Dysphagia occurs in 55% of all acute stroke patients. Early identification of dysphagia from screening can lead to earlier treatments and thereby reduce complications. We designed and validated a new bedside dysphagia screening tool-the Toronto Bedside Swallowing Screening Test (TOR-BSST) for stroke survivors in acute and(More)