Mark Smolkin

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A potential benefit of profiling of tissue samples using microarrays is the generation of molecular fingerprints that will define subtypes of disease. Hierarchical clustering has been the primary analytical tool used to define disease subtypes from microarray experiments in cancer settings. Assessing cluster reliability poses a major complication in(More)
OBJECTIVE This retrospective study systematically compared mammographic density with histology in women receiving or not receiving menopausal hormone therapy (HT). DESIGN This study was approved by the institutional review board. Twenty-eight postmenopausal women using HT were matched with 28 postmenopausal women not using HT at the time of breast cancer(More)
Immune cells infiltrating the microenvironment of melanoma metastases may either limit or promote tumor progression, but the characteristics that distinguish these effects are obscure. In this study, we systematically evaluated the composition and organization of immune cells that infiltrated melanoma metastases in human patients. Three histologic patterns(More)
Signal transduction occurs by the reversible assembly of oligomeric protein complexes that include both enzymatic proteins and proteins without known enzymatic activity. These nonenzymatic components can serve as scaffolds or anchors and regulate the efficiency, specificity, and localization of the signaling pathway. Here we report the identification of(More)
Nine participants with epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma, who were human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A1, HLA-A2, or HLA-A3, were eligible to enroll in a phase 1 study designed to assess the safety and immunogenicity of a peptide-based vaccine. Participants received 5 class I major histocompatibility complex-restricted synthetic(More)
Burkholderia cenocepacia is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause severe lung infections in cystic fibrosis patients. To understand the contribution of B. cenocepacia flagella to infection, a strain mutated in the major flagellin subunit, fliCII, was constructed in B. cenocepacia K56-2 and tested in a murine agar bead model of lung infection. C57/BL6(More)
PURPOSE This multicenter randomized trial was designed to test whether melanoma-associated helper peptides augment CD8(+) T-cell responses to a melanoma vaccine and whether cyclophosphamide (CY) pretreatment augments CD4(+) or CD8(+) T-cell responses to that vaccine. PATIENTS AND METHODS In all, 167 eligible patients with resected stage IIB to IV melanoma(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the performance of radical cystectomy with ileal conduit diversion by standard methods with that using the assistance of the daVinci robotic system (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA). PATIENTS AND METHODS From November 2003 to August 2005, we performed 30 radical cystectomies with ileal conduit urinary diversions on patients(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Quantitative criteria for the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) mammographic density categories have recently been defined as <25% dense for almost entirely fatty, 25%-50% dense for scattered fibroglandular densities, 51%-75% for heterogeneously dense, and >75% dense for the extremely dense category. The purpose of(More)
Approximately 50% of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) develop metastatic disease, which is almost invariably lethal. However, our understanding of pathways that drive aggressive behavior of MIBC is incomplete. Members of the FOXA subfamily of transcription factors are implicated in normal urogenital development and urologic malignancies.(More)