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There is increasing evidence that false eyewitness identification is the primary cause of the conviction of innocent people. In 1996, the American Psychology/Law Society and Division 41 of the American Psychological Association appointed a subcommittee to review scientific evidence and make recommendations regarding the best procedures for constructing and(More)
Rapid depletion of muscle glycogen occurs during activities greater than 100% of maximal oxygen uptake. While carbohydrate ingestion prior to an endurance event has been shown to be beneficial, the effects of carbohyrate ingestion on repeated bouts of high-intensity exercise are not known. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep quality is often poor in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A cross-sectional European survey investigated the prevalence of night-time symptoms in COPD to evaluate the level of disconnect between physician and patient perceptions of the presence of night-time symptoms, and to compare the characteristics of patients(More)
INTRODUCTION It is hypothesized that health and patient-reported outcomes in asthma are positively influenced by the level of patient satisfaction with their inhaler device. This paper uses data from a real-world observational study to investigate the extent of the relationship between inhaler satisfaction and patient compliance, and the influence this has(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationships between inhaler satisfaction, treatment compliance and health status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS In a large, multinational, cross-sectional, real-world survey, respiratory specialists and primary care physicians provided information on six consecutive patients with COPD, who(More)
This research examined the prevalence of morning symptoms and their relationship with health status, exacerbations and daily activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Data on 1489 patients were analysed from a European and USA sample. Results were tested for significance (p < 0.05) using Mann-Whitney and regression modelling(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The aim of this analysis was to understand the implications of the GOLD 2011 multidimensional system for the assessment and management of COPD, using data from a real-world observational study. METHODS Data were drawn from the Adelphi Respiratory Disease Specific Programme, a cross-sectional survey of consulting patients in five European(More)
GOLD proposed a COPD assessment framework focussed on symptoms measured by the COPD Assessment Test™ (CAT) or the mMRC and on exacerbation risk based on poor lung function (FEV1 <50%) or a history of ≥2 exacerbations in the previous year. This analysis examined the characteristics of COPD patients recruited from routine clinical settings and classified(More)
INTRODUCTION It is hypothesized that a good partnership between asthma patients and their physicians has a direct and positive influence on the patients' clinical and patient-reported outcomes. Conversely, poor partnership has a detrimental effect on clinical and patient-reported outcomes. This paper uses data from a real-world observational study to define(More)