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The present study examined differences in neuropsychological performance among chronic cocaine, alcohol, and polysubstance abusers. A comprehensive neuropsychological battery was completed by 355 incarcerated adult male felons who were classified by DSM-IV criteria into four subgroups: (1) alcohol dependence or abuse (ETOH) (n = 101), (2) cocaine dependence(More)
Previous assessment of memory function in multiple sclerosis patients has yielded mixed findings regarding the type and severity of memory deficits, which may be due to (1) differential selection of scales for memory assessment; (2) limited, inconsistent or weak reliability and validity data for the memory scales employed; (3) poor standardization(More)
We have cloned and sequenced an NGF cDNA from the cobra venom gland. The structure of the predicted cobra precursor resembles that of the mouse prohormone, with a highly conserved mature NGF protein at the C-terminus. In the non-NGF moiety, a putative signal peptide and two sets of basic residues presumably reflecting cleavage sites that are more conserved,(More)
The HIV-1 trans-activator Tat increases levels of viral gene expression and replication. The target for Tat is an RNA stem-loop called TAR, located at the 5' end of all viral transcripts. To study the mechanism of action and map functional domains of Tat, we fused Tat to the coat protein of bacteriophage MS2, an RNA binding protein. TAR in the HIV-1 LTR was(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) has a crucial role in the development of sensory and sympathetic neurones. However, although it can affect other neural cell types under certain experimental conditions, no biological role has been convincingly demonstrated elsewhere in the nervous system. The 5' end of the mouse NGF gene contains several relatively short exons.(More)
We describe the design, implementation and deployment of Photobox, a domestic technology that prints four or five randomly selected photos from the owner's Flickr collection at random intervals each month. We deployed Photobox in three homes for fourteen months, to explore how the slow pace at which it operates could support experiences of anticipation and(More)
UNLABELLED Expression of the programmed death 1 (PD-1) receptor and its ligands are implicated in the T cell exhaustion phenotype which contributes to the persistence of several chronic viral infections, including human hepatitis C virus (HCV). The antiviral potential of BMS-936558 (MDX-1106) - a fully human anti-PD-1 monoclonal immunoglobulin-G4 that(More)
We describe the design and implementation of <i>Photobox</i>, a device intended to be used over many years, which occasionally prints a randomly selected photo from the owner's Flickr collection inside of a wooden chest. We describe and reflect on how engaging in the design of this <i>slow technology</i> [5] led to some unexpected challenges and provoked us(More)
The assessment of violence potential was studied using the following scales: The Novaco Anger Inventory, the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory, the MMPI Hostility Control Scale (Hc), the MMPI Overt Hostility Scale (Ho), and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale. The five measures were evaluated for their ability to discriminate between violent and(More)