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BACKGROUND Despite the seriousness of dengue-related disease, with an estimated 50-100 million cases of dengue fever and 250,000-500,000 cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome each year, a clear understanding of dengue pathogenesis remains elusive. Because of the lack of a disease model in animals and the complex immune interaction in(More)
Peptide deformylase (PDF) catalyzes the hydrolytic removal of the N-terminal formyl group from nascent proteins. This is an essential step in bacterial protein synthesis, making PDF an attractive target for antibacterial drug development. Essentiality of the def gene, encoding PDF from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was demonstrated through genetic knockout(More)
The availability of whole genome sequencing has contributed to many aspects of dengue research, and its use in dengue virus (DENV) surveillance for early epidemic warning has been proposed. Methods to sequence the genomes of individual dengue serotypes have been described previously, but no single method is known to be applicable for all four serotypes.(More)
BACKGROUND Dengue is re-emerging throughout the tropical world, causing frequent recurrent epidemics. The initial clinical manifestation of dengue often is confused with other febrile states confounding both clinical management and disease surveillance. Evidence-based triage strategies that identify individuals likely to be in the early stages of dengue(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are an abundant form of genetic variation in the genome of every species and are useful for gene mapping and association studies. Of particular interest are non-synonymous SNPs, which may alter protein function and phenotype. We therefore examined bovine expressed sequences for non-synonymous SNPs and validated and(More)
Indonesia experienced a severe dengue epidemic in the first quarter of 2004 with 58,301 cases and 658 deaths reported to the WHO. All four dengue virus (DENV) serotypes were detected, with DENV-3 the predominant strain. To ascertain the molecular epidemiology of the DENV associated with the epidemic, complete genomes of 15 isolates were sequenced from(More)
We have developed a software program that weights and integrates specific properties on the genes in a pathogen so that they may be ranked as drug targets. We applied this software to produce three prioritized drug target lists for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis, a disease for which a new drug is desperately needed. Each(More)
The emergence of bacterial drug resistance highlights the need for new antibacterial targets. The role of protein kinases in signal transduction and cell regulation is ubiquitous. In spite of this the development of small molecule inhibitors of bacterial protein kinases has been slow, and no inhibitor has yet been successfully introduced to clinical use. In(More)
Dengue is one of the most important emerging diseases of humans, with no preventative vaccines or antiviral cures available at present. Although one-third of the world's population live at risk of infection, little is known about the pattern and dynamics of dengue virus (DENV) within outbreak situations. By exploiting genomic data from an intensively(More)
Dengue (DEN) is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has become an increasing economic and health burden for the tropical and subtropical world. The lack of an appropriate animal model of DEN has greatly impeded the study of its pathogenesis and the development of vaccines/antivirals. We recently reported a DEN virus 2 (DENV-2) strain (D2Y98P) that lethally(More)