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The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) is an ongoing, longitudinal, multicenter study designed to develop clinical, imaging, genetic, and biochemical biomarkers for the early detection and tracking of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The study aimed to enroll 400 subjects with early mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 200 subjects with early AD, and(More)
The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) beginning in October 2004, is a 6-year research project that studies changes of cognition, function, brain structure and function, and biomarkers in elderly controls, subjects with mild cognitive impairment, and subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD). A major goal is to determine and validate MRI, PET(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of bapineuzumab on brain β-amyloid (Aβ) burden using (11)C-Pittsburgh compound B ((11)C-PiB)-PET. METHODS Two phase 3 clinical trials, 1 each in apolipoprotein APOE ε4 carriers and noncarriers, were conducted in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease dementia. Bapineuzumab, an anti-Aβ monoclonal antibody, or(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced reward learning might contribute to the onset and maintenance of major depressive disorder (MDD). In particular, the inability to utilize rewards to guide behavior is hypothesized to be associated with anhedonia, a core feature and potential trait marker of MDD. Few studies have investigated whether reduced reward learning normalizes with(More)
Using [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose μ-positron emission tomography ([(18)F]FDG μPET), we compared subanesthetic doses of memantine and ketamine on their potential to induce increases in brain activation. We also studied the reversal effect of the well-known metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR)-2/3 agonist LY404039(More)
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) belongs to a family of enzymes that hydrolyze cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate.(1) PDE10A is highly enriched in striatal medium spiny neurons (MSNs), where it regulates intracellular signaling.(1) PDE10A has been proposed as a therapeutic target for Huntington disease (HD), a disorder(More)
BACKGROUND Corticotropin-releasing factor receptor type 1 (CRF(1)) antagonists have been proposed as therapeutic agents in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders although clinical evidence supporting their development and understanding of a dose-response relationship has been lacking. METHODS We tested two doses of the CRF(1) antagonist R317573 for(More)
The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) Private Partner Scientific Board (PPSB) is comprised of representatives of private, for-profit entities (including pharmaceutical, biotechnology, diagnostics, imaging companies, and imaging contract research organizations), and nonprofit organizations that provide financial and scientific support to(More)
The Industry Scientific Advisory Board (ISAB) consists of representatives from the private companies and nonprofit foundations participating as sponsors of Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI). Currently 21 companies are represented including pharmaceutical, imaging, and biotech concerns, and two foundations including the Alzheimer's(More)
BACKGROUND The highly selective and fast dissociating D2 receptor antagonist JNJ-37822681 may be associated with lower risk for weight gain and undesirable metabolic effects compared with available antipsychotics. METHODS In this double-blind, randomized study, patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1:1:1) to 12 weeks of JNJ-37822681 (10 mg, 20 mg, or 30(More)