Learn More
Missense mutations in the alpha-synuclein gene cause familial Parkinson's disease (PD), and alpha-synuclein is a major component of Lewy bodies (LBs) in sporadic PD, dementia with LBs (DLB), and the LB variant of Alzheimer's disease (AD). To determine whether alpha-synuclein is a component of LBs in familial AD (FAD) patients with known mutations in(More)
The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) beginning in October 2004, is a 6-year research project that studies changes of cognition, function, brain structure and function, and biomarkers in elderly controls, subjects with mild cognitive impairment, and subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD). A major goal is to determine and validate MRI, PET(More)
Familial forms of frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17) have recently been associated with coding region and intronic mutations in the tau gene. Here we report our findings on 2 affected siblings from a family with early-onset dementia, characterized by extensive tau pathology and a Pro to Leu mutation at codon 301 of(More)
BACKGROUND Dementia is a frequent complication of idiopathic parkinsonism or PD, usually occurring later in the protracted course of the illness. The primary site of neuropathologic change in PD is the substantia nigra, but the neuropathologic and molecular basis of dementia in PD is less clear. Although Alzheimer's pathology has been a frequent finding,(More)
Insights into mechanisms of familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) caused by genetic mutations have emerged rapidly compared to sporadic AD. Indeed, despite identification of several sporadic AD risk factors, it remains enigmatic how or why they predispose to neurodegenerative disease. For example, traumatic brain injury (TBI) predisposes to AD, and recurrent(More)
We report a Japanese family with early onset hereditary frontotemporal dementia and a novel missense mutation (Ser305Asn) in the tau gene. The patients presented with personality changes followed by impaired cognition and memory as well as disorientation, but minimal Parkinsonism. Imaging studies showed fronto-temporal atrophy with ventricular dilatation(More)
A subset of demented elderly patients exhibit large numbers of cortical intraneuronal inclusions similar to the neurofilament (NF)-rich Lewy bodies (LB) found in pigmented subcortical neurons of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Because these cortical inclusions may contribute to the emergence of cognitive impairments in afflicted individuals, the(More)
A group of similar autosomal dominant hereditary neurodegenerative disorders have been linked to chromosome 17 in thirteen kindreds. One of these disorders, known as pallido-ponto-nigral degeneration (PPND), is characterized by extensive degeneration of the globus pallidus and substantia nigra as well as accumulation of abnormally phosphorylated tau(More)
Niemann-Pick Type C disease (NPC) is a cholesterol storage disease with defects in the intracellular trafficking of exogenous cholesterol derived from low density lipoproteins. In NPC cases with a chronic progressive course, neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) that consist of paired helical filaments (PHFs) have been reported. To determine if NPC tangles contain(More)