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Voltage-gated Kv7 (KCNQ) channels underlie important K+ currents, including the neuronal M current, and are thought to be sensitive to membrane phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and PIP2 depletion to underlie muscarinic receptor inhibition. We studied regulation of Kv7.2-7.4 channels by PIP2 in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells using(More)
Modulation of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels via G-protein-coupled receptors is a prime mechanism regulating neurotransmitter release and synaptic plasticity. Despite extensive studies, the molecular mechanism underlying Gq/11-mediated modulation remains unclear. We found cloned and native N-type Ca2+ channels to be regulated by phosphatidylinositol(More)
Over the past decade, there has been an explosion in the number of membrane transport proteins that have been shown to be sensitive to the abundance of phosphoinositides in the plasma membrane. These proteins include voltage-gated potassium and calcium channels, ion channels that mediate sensory and nociceptive responses, epithelial transport proteins and(More)
Neural M-type (KCNQ/Kv7) K(+) channels control somatic excitability, bursting and neurotransmitter release throughout the nervous system. Their activity is regulated by multiple signalling pathways. In superior cervical ganglion sympathetic neurons, muscarinic M(1), angiotensin II AT(1), bradykinin B(2) and purinergic P2Y agonists suppress M current (I(M)).(More)
The regulation of M-type (KCNQ [Kv7]) K(+) channels by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) has perhaps the best correspondence to physiological signaling, but the site of action and structural motif of PIP(2) on these channels have not been established. Using single-channel recordings of chimeras of Kv7.3 and 7.4 channels with highly differential(More)
We studied regulation by c-Src tyrosine kinase (Src) of KCNQ1-5 channels heterologously expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and of native M current in rat sympathetic neurons. Using whole-cell patch clamp, we found that Src modulates currents from KCNQ3, KCNQ4, and KCNQ5 homomultimers, KCNQ2/3 heteromultimers and native M current, but not(More)
KCNQ1-5 (Kv7.1-7.5) subunits assemble to form a variety of functional K(+) channels in the nervous system, heart, and epithelia. KCNQ1 and KCNQ4 homomers and KCNQ2/3 heteromers yield large currents, whereas KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 homomers yield small currents. Since the unitary conductance of KCNQ3 is five- to 10-fold greater than that of KCNQ4 or KCNQ1, these(More)
To quantify the modulation of KCNQ2/3 current by [Ca2+]i and to test if calmodulin (CaM) mediates this action, simultaneous whole-cell recording and Ca2+ imaging was performed on CHO cells expressing KCNQ2/3 channels, either alone, or together with wild-type (wt) CaM, or dominant-negative (DN) CaM. We varied [Ca2+]i from <10 to >400 nM with ionomycin (5(More)
The cysteine-modifying reagent N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) is known to augment currents from native M-channels in sympathetic neurons and cloned KCNQ2 channels. As a probe for channel function, we investigated the mechanism of NEM action and subunit specificity of cloned KCNQ2-5 channels expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells at the whole-cell and(More)
Calmodulin modulation of ion channels has emerged as a prominent theme in biology. The sensitivity of KCNQ1-5 K+ channels to modulation by Ca2+/calmodulin (CaM) was studied using patch-clamp, Ca2+ imaging, and biochemical and pharmacological approaches. Coexpression of CaM in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells strongly reduced currents of KCNQ2, KCNQ4, and(More)