Mark S. Segal

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BACKGROUND Vertebral fractures are a hallmark of postmenopausal osteoporosis and an important end point in trials of osteoporosis treatment, but the clinical significance of these fractures remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE To determine the association of new vertebral fractures with back pain and back-related functional limitation in older women. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term survival after acute kidney injury (AKI) is poorly studied. We report the relationship between long-term mortality and AKI with small changes in serum creatinine during hospitalization after various cardiothoracic surgery procedures. METHODS AND RESULTS This was a retrospective study of 2973 patients with no history of chronic kidney(More)
CD80 is expressed on all antigen-presenting cells and is present on podocytes in a number of experimental models of nephrotic syndrome. We tested whether urinary soluble CD80 increased with idiopathic minimal-change disease (MCD). We collected urine and serum samples from patients with MCD in relapse and in remission, patients with nephrotic syndrome(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between long-term mortality and acute kidney injury (AKI) during hospitalization after major surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA AKI is associated with a risk of short-term mortality that is proportional to its severity; however the long-term survival of patients with AKI is poorly studied. METHODS This is a(More)
We propose that excessive fructose intake (>50 g/d) may be one of the underlying etiologies of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The primary sources of fructose are sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup. First, fructose intake correlates closely with the rate of diabetes worldwide. Second, unlike other sugars, the ingestion of excessive(More)
Currently, we are experiencing an epidemic of cardiorenal disease characterized by increasing rates of obesity, hypertension, the metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and kidney disease. Whereas excessive caloric intake and physical inactivity are likely important factors driving the obesity epidemic, it is important to consider additional mechanisms. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Lupus nephritis (LN) is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). There is evidence that polymorphisms in the genes of inflammatory mediators may predispose to the development of LN in patients with SLE. In this study, we examined the role of a functional monocyte chemoattractant protein 1(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age adults. It is caused by oxygen starvation in the retina inducing aberrant formation of blood vessels that destroy retinal architecture. In humans, vitreal stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) concentration increases as proliferative diabetic retinopathy progresses. Treatment of patients(More)
We sought to determine the impact of long-standing type 1 diabetes on haematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSC) number and function and to examine the impact of modulating glycoprotein (GP)130 receptor in these cells. Wild-type, gp130 −/− and GFP chimeric mice were treated with streptozotocin to induce type 1 diabetes. Bone marrow (BM)-derived cells were(More)
Idiopathic minimal lesion nephrotic syndrome (IMLNS) was proposed to be a disorder of T-cell dysfunction by Shalhoub in 1974. The mechanisms by which T-cells increase glomerular permeability have remained elusive (and unproven). There is evidence that IMLNS may be due to a circulating factor released from activated T-cells. In recent years, efforts have(More)