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Immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) variable region exons are assembled from V(H), D and J(H) gene segments in developing B lymphocytes. Within the 2.7-megabase mouse Igh locus, V(D)J recombination is regulated to ensure specific and diverse antibody repertoires. Here we report in mice a key Igh V(D)J recombination regulatory region, termed intergenic control(More)
E12 and E47 are two helix-loop-helix transcription factors that arise by alternative splicing of the E2A gene. Both have been implicated in the regulation of immunoglobulin gene expression. We have now generated E2A (-/-) mice by gene targeting. E2A-null mutant mice fail to generate mature B cells. The arrest of B cell development occurs at an early stage,(More)
Abelson murine leukemia virus-transformed cell lines have provided a critical model system for studying the regulation of B cell development. However, transformation by v-Abl blocks B cell development, resulting in the arrest of these transformants in an early pre-B cell-like state. We report here that treatment of Abelson virus-transformed pre-B cell lines(More)
Regulated expression of the recombinase RAG-1 and RAG-2 proteins is necessary for generating the vast repertoire of antigen receptors essential for adaptive immunity. Here, a retroviral cDNA library screen showed that the stress-regulated protein GADD45a activated transcription of the genes encoding RAG-1 and RAG-2 in transformed pro-B cells by a pathway(More)
The role of DNA methylation and of the maintenance DNA methyltransferase Dnmt1 in the epigenetic regulation of developmental stage- and cell lineage-specific gene expression in vivo is uncertain. This is addressed here through the generation of mice in which Dnmt1 was inactivated by Cre/loxP-mediated deletion at sequential stages of T cell development.(More)
Ku70, Ku80, and DNA-PKcs are subunits of the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), an enzyme implicated in DNA double-stranded break repair and V(D)J recombination. Our Ku70-deficient mice were about 50% the size of control littermates, and their fibroblasts were ionizing radiation sensitive and displayed premature senescence associated with the(More)
Immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor genes are assembled during lymphocyte development by a novel, highly regulated series of gene rearrangement reactions known as V(D)J recombination. All rearranging loci are flanked by conserved heptamer-nonamer recombination signal sequences. Gene rearrangement results in the imprecise fusion of coding sequences and the(More)
We have examined the regulatory role of the individual components of the immunoglobulin antigen receptor in B-cell development by transgenic complementation of Rag-1 deficient (Rag-1-) mice. Complementation with a membrane mu heavy chain (mu HC) gene allows progression of developmentally arrested Rag-1- pro-B-cells to the small pre-B cell stage, whereas the(More)
Although expression of the RAG1 and RAG2 genes is essential for lymphocyte development, the mechanisms responsible for the lymphoid- and developmental stage-specific regulation of these genes are poorly understood. We have identified a novel, evolutionarily conserved transcriptional enhancer in the RAG locus, called Erag, which was essential for the(More)