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Immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) variable region exons are assembled from V(H), D and J(H) gene segments in developing B lymphocytes. Within the 2.7-megabase mouse Igh locus, V(D)J recombination is regulated to ensure specific and diverse antibody repertoires. Here we report in mice a key Igh V(D)J recombination regulatory region, termed intergenic control(More)
Abelson murine leukemia virus-transformed cell lines have provided a critical model system for studying the regulation of B cell development. However, transformation by v-Abl blocks B cell development, resulting in the arrest of these transformants in an early pre-B cell-like state. We report here that treatment of Abelson virus-transformed pre-B cell lines(More)
Although expression of the RAG1 and RAG2 genes is essential for lymphocyte development, the mechanisms responsible for the lymphoid- and developmental stage-specific regulation of these genes are poorly understood. We have identified a novel, evolutionarily conserved transcriptional enhancer in the RAG locus, called Erag, which was essential for the(More)
We have developed a sensitive polymerase chain reaction assay for measuring the fraction of rearranged immunoglobulin kappa genes in a cell population. Using this assay with Abelson virus-transformed murine pre-B cells, we have found that bacterial lipopolysaccharide treatment, which activates transcription of the unrearranged kappa constant region gene,(More)
Virus-transformed pre-B cells undergo ordered immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangements during culture. We devised a series of highly sensitive polymerase chain reaction assays for Ig gene rearrangement and unrearranged Ig gene segment transcription to study both the possible relationship between these processes in cultured pre-B cells and the role played by(More)
E12 and E47 are two helix-loop-helix transcription factors that arise by alternative splicing of the E2A gene. Both have been implicated in the regulation of immunoglobulin gene expression. We have now generated E2A (-/-) mice by gene targeting. E2A-null mutant mice fail to generate mature B cells. The arrest of B cell development occurs at an early stage,(More)
Lineage specificity and temporal ordering of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement are reflected in the accessibility of recombination signal sequences (RSSs) within chromatin to in vitro cleavage by the V(D)J recombinase. In this report, we investigated the basis of this regulation by testing the ability of purified RAG1 and RAG2(More)
Previous in vitro studies defined the minimal regions of RAG1 and RAG2 essential for V(D)J recombination. In order to characterize the role of the C-terminal "dispensable" portion of RAG2, we generated core-RAG2 knock-in mice. We found that the core-RAG2-containing recombinase complex is selectively defective in catalyzing V-to-DJ rearrangement at the IgH(More)
Complete IgHC gene rearrangement occurs only in B cells in a stage-specific and ordered manner. We used gene targeting to reposition a distal V(H) gene segment to a region just 5' of the D(H) gene cluster and found its activation to be highly dependent on the chromosomal domain within which it resides. The targeted V(H) gene segment rearranged at a higher(More)
Supplementary figure 1 B cell development in mb1-cre mice. Supplementary figure 2 (a) Proportions of mature splenic B cells in mice lacking IKK1 and IKK2 in the B lineage. (b) Expression of CD93 on transitional (CD93 + B220 +) B cells from mb1-cre Nemo f , Nemo f and mb1-cre Ikk1 f/f Ikk2 f/f mice. Supplementary figure 3 (a) CD23 + immature B cells are(More)