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Immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) variable region exons are assembled from V(H), D and J(H) gene segments in developing B lymphocytes. Within the 2.7-megabase mouse Igh locus, V(D)J recombination is regulated to ensure specific and diverse antibody repertoires. Here we report in mice a key Igh V(D)J recombination regulatory region, termed intergenic control(More)
We have developed a sensitive polymerase chain reaction assay for measuring the fraction of rearranged immunoglobulin kappa genes in a cell population. Using this assay with Abelson virus-transformed murine pre-B cells, we have found that bacterial lipopolysaccharide treatment, which activates transcription of the unrearranged kappa constant region gene,(More)
  • G Bain, E C Maandag, D J Izon, D Amsen, A M Kruisbeek, B C Weintraub +4 others
  • 1994
E12 and E47 are two helix-loop-helix transcription factors that arise by alternative splicing of the E2A gene. Both have been implicated in the regulation of immunoglobulin gene expression. We have now generated E2A (-/-) mice by gene targeting. E2A-null mutant mice fail to generate mature B cells. The arrest of B cell development occurs at an early stage,(More)
Lineage specificity and temporal ordering of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement are reflected in the accessibility of recombination signal sequences (RSSs) within chromatin to in vitro cleavage by the V(D)J recombinase. In this report, we investigated the basis of this regulation by testing the ability of purified RAG1 and RAG2(More)
Complete IgHC gene rearrangement occurs only in B cells in a stage-specific and ordered manner. We used gene targeting to reposition a distal V(H) gene segment to a region just 5' of the D(H) gene cluster and found its activation to be highly dependent on the chromosomal domain within which it resides. The targeted V(H) gene segment rearranged at a higher(More)
Interleukin 7 (IL-7) promotes pre-B cell survival and proliferation by activating the Pim1 and Akt kinases. These signals must be attenuated to induce G1 cell cycle arrest and expression of the RAG endonuclease, which are both required for IgL chain gene rearrangement. As lost IL-7 signals would limit pre-B cell survival, how cells survive during IgL chain(More)
A common V(D)J recombinase that recognizes a conserved recombination signal sequence (RSS) mediates the assembly of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T cell receptor (TCR) genes in B and T cell precursors. The rearrangement of particular Ig and TCR gene segments, however, is tightly regulated with respect to cell lineage and developmental stage. Using an in vitro(More)
Virus-transformed pre-B cells undergo ordered immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangements during culture. We devised a series of highly sensitive polymerase chain reaction assays for Ig gene rearrangement and unrearranged Ig gene segment transcription to study both the possible relationship between these processes in cultured pre-B cells and the role played by(More)
Recombinant annexin V (rAnV) has been used to identify apoptotic cells based on its ability to bind phosphatidylserine (PS), a lipid normally restricted to the cytoplasmic face of the plasma membrane, but externalized early during apoptosis. However, this association of rAnV binding and apoptosis is not an obligatory one. We demonstrate that rAnV binds to a(More)
Expression of V(D)J recombinase activity in developing lymphocytes is absolutely required for initiation of V(D)J recombination at antigen receptor loci. However, little is known about when during hematopoietic development the V(D)J recombinase is first active, nor is it known what elements activate the recombinase in multipotent hematopoietic progenitors.(More)