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The hypothalamic decapeptide gonadotropin-releasing hormone stimulates mobilization of two discrete pools of calcium in clonal (alphaT3-1) and primary pituitary gonadotropes. A multidisciplinary approach was implemented to investigate the effects of discrete calcium fluctuations on the signaling pathways linking the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor(More)
Previous studies have shown that interaction of GnRH with its serpentine, G protein-coupled receptor results in activation of the extracellular signal regulated protein kinase (ERK) and the Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) pathways in pituitary gonadotropes. In the present study, we examined GnRH-stimulated activation of an additional member of the(More)
The aim of these studies was to identify the signaling mechanism(s) that contribute to GnRH-induced expression of MAPK phosphatase (MKP)-2, a dual specificity phosphatase that selectively inactivates MAPKs. GnRH receptor activation induced MKP-2 expression in both clonal (alphaT3-1) and primary gonadotropes. Activation of PKC isozymes was sufficient and(More)
Glutamate receptors are the major excitatory receptors in the vertebrate CNS and have been implicated in a number of physiological and pathological processes. Previous work has shown that glutamate receptor function may be modulated by protein kinase A (PKA)-mediated phosphorylation, although the molecular mechanism of this potentiation has remained(More)
Peptidylarginine deiminase IV (PADI4) catalyzes the conversion of positively charged arginine and methylarginine residues to neutrally charged citrulline, and this activity has been linked to the repression of a limited number of target genes. To broaden our knowledge of the regulatory potential of PADI4, we utilized chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled(More)
Homologous regulation of GnRH receptor (GnRHR) gene expression is an established mechanism for controlling the sensitivity of gonadotropes to GnRH. We have found that expression of the GnRHR gene in the gonadotrope-derived alpha T3-1 cell line is mediated by a tripartite enhancer that includes a consensus activator protein-1 (AP-1) element, a binding site(More)
The behavior of single chloride channels in sarcoplasmic reticulum of rabbit and trout skeletal muscle was examined by fusing isolated vesicle fractions into planar lipid bilayers. The channel exhibited a full open state with a unit conductance of 65 pS (in 100 mM Cl-) and several subconductance states with reversal potentials which were dependent on the(More)
The guanylyl cyclases, GC-A and GC-B, are selective receptors for atrial and C-type natriuretic peptides (ANP and CNP, respectively). In the anterior pituitary, CNP and GC-B are major regulators of cGMP production in gonadotropes and yet mouse models of disrupted CNP and GC-B indicate a potential role in growth hormone secretion. In the current study, we(More)
In an effort to enhance the " internationalization of the undergraduate experience " , the Office of the Vice Provost for International Affairs (VPIA) announced the new... According to the VPIA, " (t)he emphasis of this grant program is on innovations that strengthen the integration of international and cross-cultural concepts into the curriculum, and that(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Selective deletion of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1 and ERK2 in the pituitary gonadotrope and ovarian granulosa cells disrupts female reproductive axis function. Thus, we asked if ERK1 and ERK2 are critical for GnRH neuron ontogeny or the central control of female reproductive function. METHODS GnRH-Cre-recombinase (Cre+)(More)