Mark S. Kotur

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The mechanisms responsible for the virulence of the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) and of the 1918 pandemic influenza virus in humans remain poorly understood. To identify crucial components of the early host response during these infections by using both conventional and functional genomics tools, we studied 34 cynomolgus macaques (Macaca(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate is a bioactive lipid that is mitogenic for human glioma cell lines by signaling through its G protein-coupled receptors. We investigated the role of sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors and the enzymes that form sphingosine-1-phosphate, sphingosine kinase (SphK)-1, and -2 in human astrocytomas. Astrocytomas of various histologic grades(More)
This study used a year-long prospective design to assess linkages among distress, immunity, and illness. Serial blood samples were collected from 40 first-year medical students at the first, third, and fifth examination periods, as well as 1 month before each. There were significant decrements in the production of gamma-interferon by concanavalin(More)
The behavior of transplanted large granular lymphocyte leukemia was studied by isogeneic inoculation of 55 young F344 rats. A high percentage of transplants were successful, showing a dose-dependent latent phase followed by weight loss, exponential increase of tumor cells, and widespread infiltration. Serial passage of tumor cells appeared to increase(More)
Macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) and its human homologue GOS19.1/LD78 are members of the C-C chemokine/intercrine family of secreted proteins. They have proinflammatory properties and also inhibit cell cycle progression of hematopoietic stem cells. Characterization of MIP-1 alpha receptor(s) has been confused because of its reported(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infections are prevalent in human populations and can cause serious diseases, especially in those with compromised or immature immune systems. The HCMV genome of 230 kb is among the largest of the herpesvirus genomes. Although the entire sequence of the laboratory-adapted AD169 strain of HCMV has been available for 18 years, the(More)
Constitutive expression of the pro-molecule of IL-16 has been found in T cells, mast cells, eosinophils, epithelial cells, fibroblasts, and dendritic cells. Here we show that IL-16 is also constitutively present in >98% of freshly isolated human CD14-positive peripheral blood monocytes when analyzed by flow cytometry. Because pro-IL-16 is cleaved to its(More)
The purpose of this article is to discuss small-group apprenticeships (SGAs) as a method to instruct cell culture techniques to high school participants. The study aimed to teach cell culture practices and to introduce advanced imaging techniques to solve various biomedical engineering problems. Participants designed and completed experiments using both(More)
Infection with pathogenic influenza viruses is associated with intense inflammatory disease. Here, we investigated the innate immune response in mice infected with H5N1 A/Vietnam/1203/04 and with reassortant human H1N1 A/Texas/36/91 viruses containing the virulence genes hemagglutinin (HA), neuraminidase (NA) and NS1 of the 1918 pandemic virus. Inclusion of(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infections are prevalent in human populations and may engender serious diseases, particularly in individuals with compromised or immature immune systems. The Trgovcich laboratory conducted an analysis of the HCMV transcriptome using a cDNA library approach. This analysis led to the discovery that noncoding and antisense (AS)(More)