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Hensen's node, regarded as the avian and mammalian homologue of Spemann's neural inducer (i.e., the amphibian dorsal blastoporal lip), has been transplanted in many previous studies to the germinal crescent of avian blastoderms to examine ectopic neural induction. All these studies have suffered from one or more major shortcomings, the most significant of(More)
OBJECT Cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS) is a unique postoperative syndrome typically arising 1 to 2 days after resection of a midline posterior fossa tumor; it consists of diminished speech progressing to mutism, emotional lability, hypotonia, and ataxia. Most descriptions have been limited to small institutional series using a retrospective chart review(More)
Quail/chick transplantation chimeras were constructed during stages of gastrulation and neurulation to follow the subsequent movement and fate of cells of the primitive streak. All grafts were placed solely within the confines of the primitive streak to prevent confusion between cells that had not yet ingressed and those that had already ingressed, and(More)
Cervical myelomeningoceles are rare dysraphic lesions. Nine cases of cervical myelomeningoceles are reported. The external features of all nine myelomeningoceles were strikingly similar: They were sturdy, tubular protuberances from the back of the infants' necks, covered at the base by full-thickness skin and covered on the dome by thick squamous(More)
OBJECT The appearance and evolution of neuroimaging abnormalities following abusive head trauma (AHT) is important for establishing the time frame over which these injuries might have occurred. From a legal perspective this frames the timing of the abuse and therefore identifies and excludes potential perpetrators. A previous pilot study involving 33(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a retrospective, theoretical comparison of actual pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) screening for abusive head trauma (AHT) vs AHT screening guided by a previously validated 4-variable clinical prediction rule (CPR) in datasets used by the Pediatric Brain Injury Research Network to derive and validate the CPR. STUDY DESIGN We(More)
OBJECTIVE Abusive head injuries among infants (shaken infant or shaken impact syndrome) represent a devastating form of child abuse; an effective prevention program that reduces the incidence of abusive head injuries could save both lives and the costs of caring for victims. We wished to determine whether a comprehensive, regional, hospital-based, parent(More)
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) from an intracranial aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation is a grave complication of pregnancy and is responsible for 5 to 12% of all maternal deaths. We critically analyzed 154 cases of verified ICH during pregnancy from an identified intracranial lesion, including 2 patients treated at our institution and 152 cases(More)
Positional skull deformities may be present at birth or may develop during the first few months of life. Since the early 1990s, US pediatricians have seen an increase in the number of children with cranial asymmetry, particularly unilateral flattening of the occiput, likely attributable to parents following the American Academy of Pediatrics "Back to Sleep"(More)
Much confusion still exists concerning the pathological definitions and clinical significance of double spinal cord malformations. Traditional terms used to describe the two main forms of these rare malformations, diastematomyelia and diplomyelia, add to the confusion by their inconsistent usage, ambiguities, and implications of their dissimilar(More)