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The NOD-like receptor (NLR) family, pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a component of the inflammatory process, and its aberrant activation is pathogenic in inherited disorders such as cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) and complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer's disease and(More)
There is growing global recognition that the continued emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria poses a serious threat to human health. Action plans released by the World Health Organization and governments of the UK and USA in particular recognize that discovering new antibiotics, particularly those with new modes of action, is one essential element(More)
This study examines the interaction of polymyxin B and colistin with the surface and outer membrane components of a susceptible and resistant strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae. The interaction between polymyxins and bacterial membrane and isolated LPS from paired wild type and polymyxin-resistant strains of K. pneumoniae were examined with(More)
This report analyses the use of Enterprise Content Management Systems (ECMSs) in the Information Technology (IT) industry. An Enterprise Content Management System (ECMS) uses technologies, tools and methods to capture, manage, store, preserve and deliver content to support organisational processes. Recent studies estimate the ECMS market to be worth over $3(More)
There are a significant number of natural product (NP) drugs in development. We review the 100 NP and NP-derived compounds and 33 Antibody Drug Conjugates (ADCs) with a NP-derived cytotoxic component being evaluated in clinical trials or in registration at the end of 2013. 38 of these compounds and 33 ADCs are being investigated as potential oncology(More)
The continued emergence of multi-drug-resistant bacteria is a major public health concern. The identification and development of new antibiotics, especially those with new modes of action, is imperative to help treat these infections. This review lists the 22 new antibiotics launched since 2000 and details the two first-in-class antibiotics, fidaxomicin (1)(More)
There has been intensive effort to identify in vivo biomarkers that can be used to monitor drug-induced kidney damage and identify injury before significant impairment occurs. Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and human macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) have been validated as urinary and plasma(More)
The emergence of multi-drug-resistant bacteria and the lack of new antibiotics in the antibiotic drug development pipeline, especially those with new modes of action, is a major health concern. This review lists the 20 new antibiotics launched since 2000 and records the 40 compounds currently in active clinical development. Compounds in the pipeline from(More)
AIM AND OBJECTIVE This study aimed to compare home and hospital treatment for clinical outcome and quality of life in adult cystic fibrosis patients receiving i.v. antibiotics for acute respiratory exacerbations. BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis patients require intravenous (i.v.) antibiotic therapy to treat acute respiratory exacerbations. Traditionally,(More)