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Othogonal frequency division multiplex-ing with a suitably chosen guard interval is a n effective means of eliminating intersymbol interference for high-rate transmission over fading dispersive channels. T i m e variations of t h e channel, however, lead t o a loss of subchannel orthogonality, resulting in interchannel interference (ICI). This article(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma is required for adipogenesis but is also found in the cardiovascular system, where it has been proposed to oppose inflammatory pathways and act as a growth suppressor. PPAR-gamma agonists, thiazolidinediones (TZDs), inhibit cardiomyocyte growth in vitro and in pressure overload models. Paradoxically,(More)
Members of the Dbl family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) have important roles in the organization of actin-based cytoskeletal structures of a wide variety of cell types. Through the activation of members of the Rho family of GTP signaling molecules, these exchange factors elicit cytoskeletal alterations that allow cellular remodeling. As(More)
Obscurin (approximately 800 kDa) in striated muscle closely surrounds sarcomeres at the level of the M-band and Z-disk where, we hypothesize, it participates in the assembly of the contractile apparatus and membrane systems required for Ca2+ homeostasis. In this study, we used small inhibitory RNA (siRNA) technology to reduce the levels of obscurin in(More)
Obscurin/obscurin-MLCK is a giant sarcomere-associated protein with multiple isoforms whose interactions with titin and small ankyrin-1 suggest that it has an important role in myofibril assembly, structural support, and the sarcomeric alignment of the sarcoplasmic reticulum. In this study, we characterized the zebrafish orthologue of obscurin and examined(More)
Integrins and proteins that associate with integrins are implicated in normal cardiac muscle function and development. Unc-112 is a cytoplasmic adaptor protein required for the proper establishment of integrin junctions in Caenorhabditis elegans muscle. A vertebrate homolog of unc-112, kindlin-2, is an integrin-binding protein that is expressed in cardiac(More)
Aging is associated with hypertrophy, dilatation, and fibrosis of the left ventricle (LV) of the heart. Advances in echocardiographic assessment have made it possible to follow changes in cardiac function in a serial, noninvasive manner. The purpose was to determine whether there is echocardiographic evidence of age-associated changes in chamber dimensions(More)
We used four antibodies to regions of obscurin isoforms A and B, encoded by the obscurin gene, to investigate the location of these proteins in skeletal myofibers at resting and stretched lengths. Obscurin A ( approximately 800 kDa) which was recognized by antibodies generated to the N-terminal, Rho-GEF, and the non-modular C-terminal domain that lacks the(More)
Signal transduction via guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) is involved in cardiovascular, neural, endocrine, and immune cell function. Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS proteins) speed the turn-off of G protein signals and inhibit signal transduction, but the in vivo roles of RGS proteins remain poorly defined. To overcome the redundancy(More)
Obscurin is a recently identified giant multidomain muscle protein (∼800 kDa) whose structural and regulatory functions remain to be defined. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of obscurin gene silencing induced by RNA interference on the dynamics of myofibrillogenesis and hypertrophic response to phenylephrine in cultured rat cardiomyocytes.(More)