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BACKGROUND The replacement of renal function for critically ill patients is procedurally complex and expensive, and none of the available techniques have proven superiority in terms of benefit to patient mortality. In hemodynamically unstable or severely catabolic patients, however, the continuous therapies have practical and theoretical advantages when(More)
Hemodiafiltration (HDF) is used sporadically for renal replacement therapy in Europe but not in the US. Characteristics and outcomes were compared for patients receiving HDF versus hemodialysis (HD) in five European countries in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study. The study followed 2165 patients from 1998 to 2001, stratified into four(More)
Continuous renal replacement therapies have practical and theoretical advantages compared with conventional intermittent hemodialysis in hemodynamically unstable or severely catabolic patients with acute renal failure (ARF). Sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) is a hybrid modality introduced July 1998 at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences(More)
Mortality differences between peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) are widely debated. In this study, mortality was compared between patients treated with PD and HD (including home HD) using data from 27,015 patients in the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, 25,287 of whom were still receiving PD or HD 90 d after entry(More)
BACKGROUND Sustained low-efficiency daily dialysis (SLEDD) is an increasingly popular renal replacement therapy for intensive care unit (ICU) patients. SLEDD has been previously reported to provide good solute control and haemodynamic stability. However, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is considered superior by many ICU practitioners, due first(More)
BACKGROUND To examine patterns of intravenous (IV) iron use across 12 countries from 1999 to 2011. METHODS Trends in iron use are described among 32 192 hemodialysis (HD) patients in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study. Adjusted associations of IV iron dose with serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (TSAT) values were also studied. (More)
In New Zealand, patients receive treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) within the tax-funded health system. All hospital and specialist outpatient services are free, while general practitioner consultations and pharmaceuticals prescribed outside of hospitals incur copayments. Total ESRD prevalence is 0.07%, half the U.S. rate, and the prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND The quantification of dialysis in critically ill acute renal failure (ARF) patients requires a unifying expression that can establish kinetic equivalence amongst patients treated with irregular or frequent intermittent haemodialysis (IHD) schedules or with differing renal replacement therapies. EKRjc is a generalized form of the equivalent urea(More)
Analyses based on the National Cooperative Dialysis Study (NCDS) provided the impetus for routine quantification of delivered dialysis dose in hemodialysis practice throughout the world, by suggesting minimum targets for small solute (urea) clearance. Morbidity and mortality in dialysis populations remain high despite many technological advances in dialysis(More)