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Mortality differences between peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) are widely debated. In this study, mortality was compared between patients treated with PD and HD (including home HD) using data from 27,015 patients in the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, 25,287 of whom were still receiving PD or HD 90 d after entry(More)
In New Zealand, patients receive treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) within the tax-funded health system. All hospital and specialist outpatient services are free, while general practitioner consultations and pharmaceuticals prescribed outside of hospitals incur copayments. Total ESRD prevalence is 0.07%, half the U.S. rate, and the prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND There is a resurgence of interest in home hemodialysis (HD), especially frequent or extended forms involving unconventionally frequent (>3 times/wk) and/or long (>6 hours) treatments. This resurgence is driven by cost containment and experience suggesting lower mortality risk compared with facility HD and peritoneal dialysis (PD). STUDY DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND The replacement of renal function for critically ill patients is procedurally complex and expensive, and none of the available techniques have proven superiority in terms of benefit to patient mortality. In hemodynamically unstable or severely catabolic patients, however, the continuous therapies have practical and theoretical advantages when(More)
Hemodiafiltration (HDF) is used sporadically for renal replacement therapy in Europe but not in the US. Characteristics and outcomes were compared for patients receiving HDF versus hemodialysis (HD) in five European countries in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study. The study followed 2165 patients from 1998 to 2001, stratified into four(More)
AIM Although proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are usually safe and effective therapeutic agents, serious adverse effects can occur. The aim of the present study was to report and analyse the clinical features of 15 patients with acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) and acute renal failure from PPI that were referred to renal services in Auckland over a period of(More)
BACKGROUND To examine patterns of intravenous (IV) iron use across 12 countries from 1999 to 2011. METHODS Trends in iron use are described among 32 192 hemodialysis (HD) patients in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study. Adjusted associations of IV iron dose with serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (TSAT) values were also studied. (More)
The optimal combination of hemodialysis (HD) dose and session length remains uncertain, and previous studies have not conclusively shown session length to be an important independent determinant of patient mortality. The objective of this study was to examine associations between HD dose and session length with mortality risk using data from the Australian(More)
Intravenous (IV) iron is required for optimal management of anemia in the majority of hemodialysis (HD) patients. While IV iron prescription has increased over time, the best dosing strategy is unknown and any effect of IV iron on survival is unclear. Here we used adjusted Cox regression to analyze associations between IV iron dose and clinical outcomes in(More)
BACKGROUND Sustained low-efficiency daily dialysis (SLEDD) is an increasingly popular renal replacement therapy for intensive care unit (ICU) patients. SLEDD has been previously reported to provide good solute control and haemodynamic stability. However, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is considered superior by many ICU practitioners, due first(More)