Mark Richard Hurst

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We report the development and validation of a novel in vivo biomarker test for waterborne androgens. During breeding, male sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) manufacture a glue protein, spiggin, in their kidneys that they use to build their nests. Spiggin production is under the control of androgens. Until now, however, it has only been possible to(More)
This report describes the identification of important estrogenic compounds in surface and sediment pore-water samples collected from the Tyne and Tees estuaries (United Kingdom) through the application of toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) procedures. The Tyne and Tees estuaries represent estuaries that have been historically impacted by industrial(More)
Chemical analyses were combined with a biological assay to investigate the main estrogenic chemicals as they passed through a sewage treatment works (STW) and entered a river. The STW studied was unusual in that it received wastewater from the textile trade. This wastewater was shown to contain high concentrations of alkylphenol polyethoxylates and their(More)
We have previously shown that exposure to exogenous androgens causes female sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) to produce the glue protein, spiggin, in their kidneys. This protein can be quantified by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay developed and validated at the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science. Here we report the(More)
The DR-CALUX assay has been utilised for the bio-analytical screening of a number of estuarine sediments for dioxin-like activity. Total sediment extracts (samples containing all extracted compounds) and cleaned-up extracts (samples with the most stable compounds isolated from the total extracts) were screened. The concentration of the stable dioxin-like(More)
Sewage effluent discharged to surface water has been shown to contain human hormones, particularly oestrogens, and synthetic chemicals which may be able to disrupt the endocrine system. Since many surface waters which receive sewage effluent are subsequently used as drinking water sources, it is important to demonstrate that treated drinking water is not(More)
Twenty-six pesticidal compounds and samples of stormwater from two different agricultural catchments were screened for oestrogenic activity using an in vitro recombinant yeast-based assay. Only six fungicides showed an oestrogenic response with low comparative biological activity of 5000 to 2.5 million times less potent than 17beta-estradiol (E2), a natural(More)
Environmental androgens are a group of compounds that to date have received very little attention. In this study, a yeast-based androgen screen (YAS) was used to determine the level of in vitro androgenic activity in seven United Kingdom estuaries. Surface water, sediment pore water, and sediment particulate material solvent extracts collected from(More)
This paper summarises results of the EDMAR programme which is investigating oestrogenic and androgenic endocrine disruption in UK coastal waters. Most of the data concern fish. Four species (flounder, viviparous blenny and two sand gobies) are experiencing feminisation in industrialised estuaries. In males this includes vitellogenin (VTG) synthesis,(More)
The transient movement of pesticides at biologically active concentrations during storm events is considered to be a cause of biological impoverishment in some headwater streams. The programme of work described sought to identify compounds that are the cause of toxic effects during such events. Along with targeted pesticide analysis, toxicity identification(More)