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BACKGROUND The management of acute optic neuritis differs according to the underlying etiology and techniques which may help with early differential diagnosis are therefore of considerable value. OBJECTIVE We wanted to determine if multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) could be differentiated on the basis of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CP is a common feature of perinatal HIBD in the context of "acute profound" injury, and in this article, we have studied the possible anatomic substrates of dyskinesia. We have reviewed the extent of brain injury in children with dyskinetic and spastic CP due to acute profound hypoxia to identify sites of injury that explain why only(More)
Ruptured arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a frequent cause of intracranial hemorrhage. The presence of associated aneurysms, especially intranidal aneurysms, is considered to increase the risk of re-hemorrhage. We present two cases where an intranidal aneurysm was demonstrated on four-dimensional CT angiography (time-resolved CT angiography) (4D-CTA).(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) has been used in neurosurgical practice mainly to distinguish cerebral metastases from abscess and glioma. There is evidence from other solid organ cancers and metastases that DWI may be used as a biomarker of prognosis and treatment response. We therefore investigated DWI characteristics of cerebral metastases and(More)
OBJECTIVE Echocardiography is widely used in the investigation of patients with suspected SSc-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH). We investigated whether CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) provides additive diagnostic value. METHODS Data for 89 consecutive patients with suspected SSc-PAH undergoing echocardiography, CTPA and right heart(More)
This article reviews the different MRI techniques available for the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of brain metastases with a focus on applying advanced MR techniques to practical clinical problems. Topics include conventional MRI sequences and contrast agents, functional MR imaging, diffusion weighted MR, MR spectroscopy and perfusion MR. The role of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion MRI characteristics have been used as biomarkers to guide prognosis in cerebral pathologies including brain metastases. The measurement of ADC is often described poorly in clinical and research studies with little detail given to the practical considerations of where to place ROIs, which post processing software package to(More)
As there is little information regarding the recovery from Uhthoff phenomenon (UP) in the multiple sclerosis (MS) literature, the objective of this study was to assess the phenotypes of UP. A one-page questionnaire was sent to 80 consecutive optic neuritis (ON) patients seen in a tertiary neuro-ophthalmology clinic. Of the 48 responders to the(More)
Study Design Retrospective study of a prospectively maintained database. Objective Our aim was to retrospectively review management and outcomes of patients with low-grade hangman's fractures, specifically looking at differences in outcomes between collars and halo immobilization. We also studied fracture patterns and their treatment outcomes. Methods(More)
A retrospective review was made to assess the accuracy of four dimensional CT angiogram (4D-CTA) in diagnosis of arteriovenous malformations (AVM) and dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF), with catheter-based digital-subtraction angiogram (DSA) being gold standard. 33 pairs of investigations (DSA and 4D-CTA) were performed primarily for suspicion of(More)