Mark R. Young

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The spatial distribution patterns of freshwater pearl mussels, Margaritifera margaritifera (L.), in the River Kerry, north-western Scotland were investigated, together with their relationships to a number of physical parameters (distance from nearest bank, mean water depth, mean current velocity, substratum descriptors, aquatic vegetation cover). The(More)
Samples of salmonids were taken from six Scottish rivers and examined for freshwater mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera (L.)) glochidiosis. The prevalence and magnitude of natural infections observed were comparable to those reported elsewhere. In most rivers, older fish seem to be less susceptible than 0+ fish, possibly due to an acquired immunity(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of spermatic cord anesthetic block (SCAB) as the only method of anesthesia for bilateral simple orchiectomy in an outpatient clinic setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study included 141 consecutive bilateral simple orchiectomy (BSO) procedures performed at Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center during a(More)
PURPOSE We report the surgical technique and results of epididymal sparing bilateral simple orchiectomy as an esthetic alternative to standard bilateral simple orchiectomy and luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonist injection therapy in patients with prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study included 91 consecutive epididymal sparing(More)
Zygaena viciae, the New Forest burnet moth, has only one population in Britain, in western Scotland. Here it was discovered in1963 and its population sustained itself, before declining seriously from 1980 to 1990. A survey in 1990 discovered at most 20 adult moths and it was clear that the site had become seriously over-grazed. A fence was erected to(More)
Ash Dieback, a disease of Ash (Fraxinus excelsior) trees caused by the ascomycete, Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus, was first noticed in the UK in February 2012 and has since been found through much of the country. Evidence from elsewhere in Europe suggests that most infected Ash trees succumb to the disease and, hence, UK woodlands and landscapes are at risk(More)
PURPOSE Cosmetic expectation has a major role in influencing patient choice between medical and surgical castration, and yet to our knowledge the fate of the medically castrated testis has never been accurately tested and documented in the literature. We determined the weight of testes in patients receiving medical castration and compared it to that in a(More)
Action Research is an applied scholarly paradigm resulting in action for continuous improvement in our teaching and learning techniques offering faculty immediate classroom payback and providing documentation of meeting our educational responsibilities as required by AACSB standards. This article reviews the iterative action research process of planning,(More)