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The phenomena of prokaryotic restriction and modification, as well as anti-restriction, were first discovered five decades ago but have yielded only gradually to rigorous analysis. Work presented at the 5th New England Biolabs Meeting on Restriction-Modification (available on REBASE, http://www.rebase.com) and several recently published genetic, biochemical(More)
Ribonuclease E is required for the rapid decay and correct processing of RNA in Escherichia coli. A detailed understanding of the hydrolysis of RNA by this and related enzymes will require the integration of structural and molecular data with quantitative measurements of RNA hydrolysis. Therefore, an assay for RNaseE that can be set up to have relatively(More)
The maintenance methyltransferase M.EcoKI recognizes the bipartite DNA sequence 5'-AACNNNNNNGTGC-3', where N is any nucleotide. M.EcoKI preferentially methylates a sequence already containing a methylated adenine at or complementary to the underlined bases in the sequence. We find that the introduction of a single-stranded gap in the middle of the(More)
The ocr protein of bacteriophage T7 is a structural and electrostatic mimic of approximately 24 base pairs of double-stranded B-form DNA. As such, it inhibits all Type I restriction and modification (R/M) enzymes by blocking their DNA binding grooves and inactivates them. This allows the infection of the bacterial cell by T7 to proceed unhindered by the(More)
The CafA protein, which was initially described as having a role in either Escherichia coli cell division or chromosomal segregation, has recently been shown to be required for the maturation of the 5'-end of 16 S rRNA. The sequence of CafA is similar to that of the N-terminal ribonucleolytic half of RNase E, an essential E. coli enzyme that has a central(More)
It has been discovered recently, via structural and biophysical analyses, that proteins can mimic DNA structures in order to inhibit proteins that would normally bind to DNA. Mimicry of the phosphate backbone of DNA, the hydrogen-bonding properties of the nucleotide bases and the bending and twisting of the DNA double helix are all present in the mimics(More)
RNase E initiates the decay of Escherichia coli RNAs by cutting them internally near their 5'-end and is a component of the RNA degradosome complex, which also contains the 3'-exonuclease PNPASE: Recently, RNase E has been shown to be able to remove poly(A) tails by what has been described as an exonucleolytic process that can be blocked by the presence of(More)
On the basis of structural work, metal ions are proposed to play a catalytic role in reactions mediated by many phosphoryl transfer enzymes. To gain dynamic support for such mechanisms, the role of metal ion cofactors in phosphate diester hydrolysis catalysed by a flap endonuclease has been studied. The pH maximal rate profiles were measured in the presence(More)
The flap endonucleases, or 5' nucleases, are involved in DNA replication and repair. They possess both 5'-3' exonucleolytic activity and the ability to cleave bifurcated, or branched DNA, in an endonucleolytic, structure-specific manner. These enzymes share a great degree of structural and sequence similarity. Conserved acidic amino acids, whose primary(More)
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