Learn More
Widespread use of digital imagery has resulted in a need to manage large collections of images. Systems providing query by example (QBE) capability offer improved access to contents of image libraries by retrieving matches to a query image. Texture is an important feature to consider in the matching process. However, standard approaches often employ a(More)
Hippocampal memory-associated synaptic plasticity is driven by a cascade of transcription and new protein synthesis. In vitro electrophysiological studies on acute hippocampal slices have elucidated much of what we know about this molecular cascade. Curiously, these slices require a period of "equilibration" for the recovery of electrophysiological(More)
Paraganglia resembling the carotid body have been described in the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) of the rat and the aim of the present study was to determine if this tissue is chemosensitive. We developed a novel isolated SLN preparation superfused with HEPES-buffered Tyrode solution at 35 degrees C in vitro. A glass suction microelectrode was used to(More)
Pro-inflammatory cytokines are known to be elevated in several neuropathological states that are associated with learning and memory impairments. We have previously demonstrated the inhibition of long-term potentiation (LTP), a recognised model for memory, in the dentate gyrus region of the rat hippocampus, by interleukin-18. We have also previously shown(More)
Increasing attention is being paid to the role of inflammatory and immune molecules in the modulation of central nervous system (CNS) function. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine, the receptors for which are expressed on neurones and glial cells throughout the CNS. Through the action of its two receptors, it has a broad(More)
The older notion of a central nervous system existing in essential isolation from the immune system has changed dramatically in recent years as the body of evidence relating to the interactions between these two systems has grown. Here we address the role of a particular subset of immune modulatory molecules, the pro-inflammatory cytokines, in regulating(More)
Activity of the transcription factor NF-kappaB is required for memory formation, but the identity and function of the genes it may regulate in this context remain obscure. Here, we comprehensively characterise NF-kappaB throughout the rat hippocampus following passive avoidance training and report significant subregion-specific increased activity across the(More)
Expressed throughout the central nervous system, the myocardin-related, megakaryoblastic acute leukemia 1 and 2 (Mkl1/2) are transcriptional cofactors that can be found tethered in the cytoplasm to monomeric actin but on synaptic activation translocate to the nucleus and associate with transcription factors such as serum response factor (SRF) to regulate(More)