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Excessive release of inflammatory/pain mediators from peripheral sensory afferents renders nerve endings hyper-responsive, causing central sensitization and chronic pain. Herein, the basal release of proinflammatory calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was shown to increase the excitability of trigeminal sensory neurons in brainstem slices via CGRP1(More)
Paraganglia resembling the carotid body have been described in the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) of the rat and the aim of the present study was to determine if this tissue is chemosensitive. We developed a novel isolated SLN preparation superfused with HEPES-buffered Tyrode solution at 35 degrees C in vitro. A glass suction microelectrode was used to(More)
Pro-inflammatory cytokines are known to be elevated in several neuropathological states that are associated with learning and memory impairments. We have previously demonstrated the inhibition of long-term potentiation (LTP), a recognised model for memory, in the dentate gyrus region of the rat hippocampus, by interleukin-18. We have also previously shown(More)
Widespread use of digital imagery has resulted in a need to manage large collections of images. Systems providing query by example (QBE) capability offer improved access to contents of image libraries by retrieving matches to a query image. Texture is an important feature to consider in the matching process. However, standard approaches often employ a(More)
Image segmentation can be viewed as the process of classifying regions in a picture into groups with common properties (i.e. texture). A difficulty arising is that common texture can be classified differently when viewed at different scales and rotated viewpoints. This paper presents a feature vector based on the DT-CWT (dual-tree complex wavelet transform(More)
Increasing attention is being paid to the role of inflammatory and immune molecules in the modulation of central nervous system (CNS) function. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine, the receptors for which are expressed on neurones and glial cells throughout the CNS. Through the action of its two receptors, it has a broad(More)
The older notion of a central nervous system existing in essential isolation from the immune system has changed dramatically in recent years as the body of evidence relating to the interactions between these two systems has grown. Here we address the role of a particular subset of immune modulatory molecules, the pro-inflammatory cytokines, in regulating(More)
Activity of the transcription factor NF-kappaB is required for memory formation, but the identity and function of the genes it may regulate in this context remain obscure. Here, we comprehensively characterise NF-kappaB throughout the rat hippocampus following passive avoidance training and report significant subregion-specific increased activity across the(More)